Mathematics (Scholarly Articles)
Browse by
Recent Submissions

Elastic Cherenkov effects in transversely isotropic soft materialsI: Theoretical analysis, simulations and inverse method
(Elsevier, 20160625)A body force concentrated at a point and moving at a high speed can induce shearwave Mach cones in dustyplasma crystals or soft materials, as observed experimentally and named the elastic Cherenkov effect (ECE). The ECE ... 
Methodical fitting for mathematical models of rubberlike materials
(The Royal Society Publishing, 20170208)A great variety of models can describe the nonlinear response of rubber to uniaxial tension. Yet an indepth understanding of the successive stages of large extension is still lacking. We show that the response can be ... 
Edge wrinkling in elastically supported prestressed incompressible isotropic plates
(The Royal Society Publishing, 20160907)The equations governing the appearance of flexural static perturbations at the edge of a semiinfinite thin elastic isotropic plate, subjected to a state of homogeneous biaxial prestress, are derived and solved. The plate ... 
Strain energy function for isotropic nonlinear elastic incompressible solids with linear finite strain response in shear and torsion
(Elsevier, 20160718)We find the strain energy function for isotropic incompressible solids exhibiting a linear relationship between shear stress and amount of shear, and between torque and amount of twist, when subject to large simple shear ... 
The annual GiG  Groups in Galway
(NUI Galway, 2015)The GiG (Groups in Galway) conference, and related activity, has been running annually since 1978 and is the longest running annual international mathematical conference on a special topic. It has its origin from the ... 
On the Torus degeneration of the genus two partition function
(World Scientific Publishing, 20130716)We consider the partition function of a general vertex operator algebra V on a genus two Riemann surface formed by sewing together two tori. We consider the nontrivial degeneration limit where one torus is pinched down ... 
Ray W Ogden: An Appreciation
(SAGE Publications, 201507)This special issue of Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids is dedicated to Professor Ray Ogden FRS on the occasion of his 70th birthday. It is a companion volume to another special issue edited by our colleagues ... 
On residual stresses and homeostasis: an elastic theory of functional adaptation in living matter
(Nature Publishing Group, 20160426)Living matter can functionally adapt to external physical factors by developing internal tensions, easily revealed by cutting experiments. Nonetheless, residual stresses intrinsically have a complex spatial distribution, ... 
Phase behaviour of selfassembled monolayers controlled by tuning physisorbed and chemisorbed states: A latticemodel view
(American Institute of Physics, 20160407)The selfassembly of molecules on surfaces into 2D structures is important for the bottomup fabrication of functional nanomaterials, and the selfassembledstructure depends on the interplay between moleculemolecule ... 
The mod 2 cohomology rings of SL2 of the imaginary quadratic integers
(Elsevier ScienceDirect, 20150928)We establish general dimension formulae for the second page of the equivariant spectral sequence of the action of the SL2 groups over imaginary quadratic integers on their associated symmetric space. By way of doing this, ... 
On the equivariant Khomology of PSL_2 of the imaginary quadratic integers
(Association des Annales de l'Institut Fourier, 201609)We establish formulae for the part due to torsion of the equivariant $K$homology of all the Bianchi groups (PSL$_2$ of the imaginary quadratic integers), in terms of elementary numbertheoretic quantities. To achieve this, ... 
A refinement of a conjecture of Quillen
(Elsevier ScienceDirect, 201509)We present some new results on the cohomology of a large scope of SL2 groups in degrees above the virtual cohomological dimension, yielding some partial positive results for the Quillen conjecture in rank one. We combine ... 
Multiples of Pfister forms
(Elsevier, 20160301)The isotropy of multiples of Pfister forms is studied. Some classical results are recalled and their consequences presented, with certain of these statements being previously known but hitherto unpublished. In particular, ... 
Toward a predictive assessment of stabpenetration forces
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 201509)Collaborative research between the disciplines of forensic pathology and biomechanics was undertaken to investigate the hyperelastic properties of human skin, to determine the force required for sharp instrument penetration ... 
Uniform transmural strain in prestressed arteries occurs at physiological pressure
(Elsevier, 20120621)Residual deformation (strain) exists in arterial vessels, and has been previously proposed to induce homogeneous transmural strain distribution. In this work, we present analytical formulations that predict the existence ... 
A combined experimental and numerical study of stabpenetration forces
(Elsevier, 201312)The magnitude of force used in a stabbing incident can be difficult to quantify, although the estimate given by forensic pathologists is often seen as 'critical' evidence in medicolegal situations. The main objective of ... 
On stressdependent elastic moduli and wave speeds
(Oxford University Press, 2013)On the basis of the general nonlinear theory of a hyperelastic material with initial stress, initially without consideration of the origin of the initial stress, we determine explicit expressions for the stressdependent ... 
On anisotropic elasticity and questions concerning its Finite Element implementation
(Springer, 20130521)We give conditions on the strainenergy function of nonlinear anisotropic hyperelastic materials that ensure compatibility with the classical linear theories of anisotropic elasticity. We uncover the limitations associated ... 
Mechanical characterization of brain tissue in simple shear at dynamic strain rates
(Elsevier, 201312)During severe impact conditions, brain tissue experiences a rapid and complex deformation, which can be seen as a mixture of compression, tension and shear. Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) occurs in animals and humans when ... 
Shear instability in skin tissue
(Oxford University Press, 2013)We propose two toymodels to describe, predict and interpret the wrinkles appearing on the surface of skin when it is sheared. With the first model, we account for the lines of greatest tension present in human skin by ...