The homological torsion of PSL_2 of the imaginary quadratic integers
Rahm, Alexander D.
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Rahm, Alexander D. (2013) 'The homological torsion of PSL_2 of the imaginary quadratic integers'. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc, 365 (3):1603-1635.
The Bianchi groups are the groups (P)SL2 over a ring of integers in an imaginary quadratic number field. We reveal a correspondence between the homological torsion of the Bianchi groups and new geometric invariants, which are effectively computable thanks to their action on hyperbolic space. We expose a novel technique, the torsion subcomplex reduction, to obtain these invariants. We use it to explicitly compute the integral group homology of the Bianchi groups. Furthermore, this correspondence facilitates the computation of the equivariant K-homology of the Bianchi groups. By the Baum/Connes conjecture, which is satisfied by the Bianchi groups, we obtain the K-theory of their reduced C*-algebras in terms of isomorphic images of their equivariant K-homology.