Rho A/Rho kinase: human umbilical artery mRNA expression in normal and pre eclamptic pregnancies and functional role in isoprostane-induced vasoconstriction
Friel, Anne M,
Sexton, Donal J.
O'Reilly, Michael W.
Morrison, John J.
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Friel, A. M., Sexton, D. J., O'Reilly, M. W., Smith, T. J., & Morrison, J. J. (2006). Rho A/Rho kinase: human umbilical artery mRNA expression in normal and pre eclamptic pregnancies and functional role in isoprostane-induced vasoconstriction. Reproduction, 132(1), 169-176.
Pre eclampsia represents a state of increased or prolonged vasoconstriction, partially linked to the potent vasocontractile effect of isoprostanes. The process of Rho A-mediated calcium sensitisation is inherent to a state of prolonged contractility in many smooth muscle types. The aim of this study was (1) to investigate mRNA expression levels of Rho A and Rho kinase isoforms (I and 11) in the umbilical artery from normotensive and pre eclamptic women and (2) to determine whether the effects of two isoprostanes, 8-iso prostaglandin F-2 alpha (8-iso PGF2 alpha) and 8-iso, prostaglandin E-2 (8-iso PGE(2)), on umbilical artery tone, were mediated via the Rho kinase pathway. Real-time RT-PCR using primers for Rho A, ROCK I and ROCK 11 was performed on total RNA isolated from umbilical artery specimens obtained from normotensive and pre eclamptic women. The effects of both isoprostanes (n=6) (in the absence and presence of the specific Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632), on umbilical artery tone were measured, and compared with control recordings. Rho A mRNA expression levels were significantly lower in umbilical artery samples obtained from pre eclamptic women (n=4) in comparison to those from normotensive women (n=6) (P 0.05). Both isoprostanes exerted a significant concentration-dependent vasocontractile effect (n=7) (P