A comprehensive experimental and kinetic modeling study of 1-hexene
Cooper, Sean P.
Petersen, Eric L.
Wagno, Scott W.
Pitz, William J.
Curran, Henry J.
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Dong, Shijun, Aul, Christopher, Gregoire, Claire, Cooper, Sean P., Mathieu, Olivier, Petersen, Eric L., Rodriguez, Jose, Mauss, Fabian, Wagnon, Scott W., Kukkadapu, Goutham, Pitz, William J., Curran, Henry J. (2021). A comprehensive experimental and kinetic modeling study of 1-hexene. Combustion and Flame, 232, 111516. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2021.111516
It is important to understand the low-temperature chemistry of 1-hexene as it is used as a representative alkene component in gasoline surrogate fuels. Ignition delay times (IDTs) of 1-hexene measured in rapid compression machines (RCMs) can be used to validate its low-temperature chemistry. However, volume history profiles are not available for published RCM IDT data. This has restricted the validation of the low-temperature chemistry of 1-hexene at engine-relevant conditions (i.e. at low temperatures and high pressures). Thus, new RCM IDT data with associated volume history profiles are needed. In this study, both an RCM and a high-pressure shock tube (ST) are employed to measure IDTs of 1-hexene at equiva- lence ratios of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 in `air¿ and at pressures of 15 and 30 atm. A cool-flame (first stage) and total (second stage) ignition was observed in the RCM experiments. Moreover, carbon monoxide and wa- ter versus time histories produced during 1-hexene oxidation at highly diluted conditions were measured in a ST. A new detailed chemical kinetic model describing 1-hexene oxidation is proposed and validated using these new measured data together with various experimental data available in the literature. The kinetic model can predict well the auto-ignition behavior and oxidation processes of 1-hexene at various conditions. The rate constants and branching ratio for hydroxyl radical addition to the double bond of 1- hexene are particularly important and discussed based on the experimental and theoretically calculated results from previous studies as well as validation results from jet-stirred reactor (JSR) species profiles. Flux and sensitivity analyses are performed to determine the important reaction classes for 1-hexene oxidation and show that the reactions associated with hydroxy radical addition to the double bond con- tribute most to the low-temperature reactivity of 1-hexene. In the negative temperature coefficient (NTC) regime, the isomerization of hexenyl-peroxy radicals promotes fuel reactivity due to its associated chain branching pathways.