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dc.contributor.authorHayes, Deirdreen
dc.contributor.authorLeader, Geraldineen
dc.contributor.authorHealy, Oliveen
dc.contributor.authorGrey, Ianen
dc.identifier.citationGrey, Ian, Olive Healy, Geraldine Leader and Deirdre Hayes. 2009. "Using a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities." Research in Developmental Disabilities 30(2):359-366.en
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to examine the use of a predictive stimulus (Time TimerTM) and delayed reinforcement to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities and problem behavior maintained by access to tangible items and activities. The study employed a changing criterion design across settings to gradually increase reinforcement delay from 1 second to 10 minutes. Firstly a baseline phase was conducted to measure the duration of appropriate waiting behaviour to access tangible reinforcers/activities. Phase 2 involved the use of a red cue card and the verbal instruction ¿wait¿. Phase 3 involved the introduction of the Time TimerTM with the cue card attached, and the verbal instruction ¿wait¿. Finally, Phase 4 utilised the Time TimerTM without the cue card. Results indicated that this was an effective strategy for increasing appropriate waiting behavior with this participant in a school setting. The role of adding a concurrent activity during the reinforcement delay, using cues to predict reinforcement, future generalization, maintenance and the teaching of functionally equivalent skills are discussed.en
dc.subjectTime Timer TMen
dc.subjectDevelopmental disabilitiesen
dc.subjectDelayed reinforcementen
dc.subject.lcshDevelopmental disabilitiesen
dc.subject.lcshReinforcement (Psychology)en
dc.titleUsing a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities.en

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