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dc.contributor.authorDelgado-Fernandez, Irene
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Derek W. T.
dc.contributor.authorCooper, J. Andrew G.
dc.contributor.authorBaas, Andreas C. W.
dc.contributor.authorBeyers, J. H. Meiring
dc.contributor.authorLynch, Kevin
dc.identifier.citationDelgado-Fernandez, I., D. W. T. Jackson, J. A. G. Cooper, A. C. W. Baas, J. H. M. Beyers, and K. Lynch (2013), Field characterization of three-dimensional lee-side airflow patterns under offshore winds at a beach-dune system, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., 118, 706–721, doi:10.1002/jgrf.20036.en_IE
dc.description.abstractCharacterization of three-dimensional (3D) airflow remains elusive within a variety of environments and is particularly challenging over complex dune topography. Previous work examining airflow over and in the lee of dunes has been restricted to two-dimensional studies and has concentrated on dune shapes containing angle of repose lee sides only. However, the presence of vegetation in coastal dunes creates topographic differences and irregular shapes that interfere with flow separation at the crest and significantly modify lee-side airflow patterns and potential transport. This paper presents the first 3D field characterization of airflow patterns at the lee side of a subaerial dune. Flow information was obtained using an array of 3D ultrasonic anemometers deployed over a beach surface during seven offshore wind events. Data were used to measure cross-shore and alongshore lee-side airflow patterns using the three dimensions of the wind vector. Distances to re-attachment were similar to previous studies, but the range of transverse incident wind directions resulting in flow separation (0+/-35 degrees) was almost twice that previously reported (0+/-20 degrees). Airflow reversal took place with winds as slow as 1m s(-1). Transverse offshore winds generated areas of opposing wind directions both within the reversed zone and beyond re-attachment, contrary to consistent deflection in only one direction found in transverse desert dunes. Patterns of flow convergence-divergence have been reported in fluvial studies. However, while convergence was associated with weak reversal in fluvial settings, it appeared to be related to strong flow reversal here and could be produced by pressure differentials at the dune crest.en_IE
dc.description.sponsorshipUK Natural Environment Research Council. Grant Number: NE/F019483/1en_IE
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_IE
dc.relation.ispartofJournal Of Geophysical Research-Earth Surfaceen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.subjectFlow reversalen_IE
dc.subjectUltrasonic anemometersen_IE
dc.subjectThree-dimensional flowen_IE
dc.subjectSediment transport researchen_IE
dc.subjectBackward facing stepen_IE
dc.subjectTurbulent flowen_IE
dc.subjectTransverse dunesen_IE
dc.subjectNumerical simulationen_IE
dc.subjectSonic anemometersen_IE
dc.subjectSubaqueous dunesen_IE
dc.subjectAeolian dunesen_IE
dc.subjectSand dunesen_IE
dc.subjectMean flowen_IE
dc.titleField characterization of three-dimensional lee-side airflow patterns under offshore winds at a beach-dune systemen_IE
dc.local.contactKevin Lynch, Geography Department, Nui Galway. 5779 Email:

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