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dc.contributor.authorNí Léime, Áine
dc.contributor.authorStreet, Debra
dc.identifier.citationNí Léime, Á, & Street, Debra. (2018). Working later in the USA and Ireland: implications for precariously and securely employed women. Ageing and Society, 1-25. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X18000508en_IE
dc.description.abstractPolicies to extend working life (EWL) assume homogeneous workers face similar choices about working longer: this may be difficult for women, workers in physically onerous jobs or in low-paid precarious employment. Work-life trajectories are gendered; women interrupt employment and pension-building to provide care. There is occupational variation in capacities to prolong working lives: physically demanding jobs cause work-related health deficits. The precariously employed cannot contribute regularly to pensions and may face age discrimination. This research provides an inter-occupational and cross-national dimension to EWL research, comparing women teachers and health-care workers in the United States of America (USA) and Republic of Ireland. It documents intra-cohort distinctions that emerge among women when considering educational opportunities and occupational tracks expressed in lifecourse trajectories and accumulated capacities for extended work. Analysis draws on interview data from ten teachers and ten healthcare workers in each country, comparing the implications of EWL policies for women workers: in precarious versus secure occupations and occupations with different physical demands. It reveals work-life trajectories leading to poorer financial and health outcomes for older health-care workers, especially in the USA. Most women (regardless of occupation or country) opposed extending working life, with concerns ranging from health status and ability to work to the desire to have healthy years in retirement. The most important distinctions are between the occupational categories considered, rather than cross-national differences. Implications for national and work-place policy and research are considered.en_IE
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research on which this paper is based was supported by a Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Programme. This article is also based on work from COST Action IS1409, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). Funding from the State University of New York College of Arts and Sciences enabled the authors to collaborate on the paper. Funders played no role in the design, execution, analysis or interpretation of data or the writing of the study.en_IE
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_IE
dc.relation.ispartofAgeing & Societyen
dc.subjectExtended working lifeen_IE
dc.titleWorking later in the USA and Ireland: implications for precariously and securely employed womenen_IE
dc.contributor.funderSeventh Framework Programmeen_IE
dc.contributor.funderState University of New York College of Arts and Sciencesen_IE
dc.local.contactAine Ni Leime, Irish Centre For Social Gerontol, Room 2002, Ilas Building, Nui Galway. 5470 Email:
dc.local.copyrightcheckedYes: APC paid for Gold Open access.
dcterms.projectinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7::SP1::GA/200443/EU/Provision of Scientific, Technical and Administrative Management of COST/COST IIen_IE

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