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dc.contributor.authorKeating, E.
dc.contributor.authorHealy, Mark G.
dc.contributor.authorRodgers, Michael
dc.identifier.citationHealy, M.G., Rodgers, M., Keating, E. 2008. Constructed wetlands for the treatment of highway runoff. Chapter 5. pp. 139 - 160. In: Robert H. Theobald (Ed.) Environmental Management. Nova Publishers, NY. ISBN: 978-1-60456-904-9en_US
dc.description.abstractHighway surface runoff contains pollutants such as total suspended solids (TSS), hydrocarbons, de-icing salts, and heavy metals. Treatment methods for highway runoff include storage/treatment facilities, such as constructed wetlands (CWs), detention ponds, or sedimentation tanks; stormwater infiltration facilities, such as soakaways, trenches, or basins; and filter strips and swales. These facilities are commonly referred to as SuDS - Sustainable Drainage Systems.The treatment of highway runoff using CWs is widely used in America, Australia and most of Europe. CWs are a suitable choice for the treatment of highway runoff, due to their relative low cost and good efficiency in treating contaminants such as TSS, organic matter, heavy metals, as well as hydrocarbons and inorganic salts. This review paper aims to characterise highway surface runoff, quantify the removal mechanisms of influent pollutants, evaluate the performance of CWs in the treatment of highway runoff, discuss their design criteria, and compare their performance with other treatment methods.en_US
dc.publisherNova Publishersen_US
dc.subjectCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectHighway runoffen_US
dc.subjectConstructed wetlandsen_US
dc.subjectDetention pondsen_US
dc.subjectFilter stripsen_US
dc.subjectSedimentation tanksen_US
dc.titleConstructed wetlands for the treatment of highway runoff.en_US
dc.typeBook chapteren_US
dc.contributor.funderNUI Galwayen_US

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