Purification and characterization of a lysine-p-nitroanilide hydrolase, a broad specificity aminopeptidase, from the cytoplasm of lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris am2
FITZGERALD, RICHARD J.
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McDONNELL, MAEVE; BOUCHIER, PAUL; FITZGERALD, RICHARD J. O'CUINN, GERARD (1999). Purification and characterization of a lysine-p-nitroanilide hydrolase, a broad specificity aminopeptidase, from the cytoplasm of lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris am2. Journal of Dairy Research 66 (2), 257-270
a hydrolase activity that cleaves lysyl-p-nitroanilide (Lys-pNA) has been purified from the cytoplasm of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris AM2 by chromatography on DE52, DEAE Affi-Gel Blue Gel, Hydroxyapatite Bio-Gel HTP and Phenyl Sepharose. The purified aminopeptidase was found to have a native M-r of 50 000-55 000 by gel filtration chromatography and by FPLC gel filtration on Superose 12 and to be composed of a single polypeptide chain following SDS-PAGE. Enzyme activity was almost completely inhibited by EDTA, amastatin, puromycin and bestatin, while the sulphydryl-reactive agents p-chloromercuribenzoate and iodoacetamide were inhibitory. The enzyme was found to be very unstable during the purification procedures at 4 degrees C and its stability was greatly improved when 10 ml glycerol/l and 2 mM-dithiothreitol were included in the purification buffers. The purified enzyme was found to hydrolyse a wide range of dipeptides. tripeptides and longer peptides provided that proline was not present in the penultimate position from the N-terminus or that a pyroglutamyl residue was not present at the N-terminus. While neither Asp-pNA nor Pro-pNA was hydrolysed by the purified enzyme, the release of N-terminal acidic residues from peptides was observed in addition to the release of N-terminal proline from Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2, Pro-Leu-Gly-Gly and Pro-His-Pro-Phe-His-Leu-Phe-Val-Tyr. This ability of Lys-pNA hydrolase to release N-terminal proline residues was employed in concert with a purified aminopeptidase P preparation to release alternate N-terminal amino acids from Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly. The complementary action of these enzymes represents an alternative mechanism to that of post-proline dipeptidyl aminopeptidase for metabolism of proline-containing peptides.