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dc.contributor.authorMaltoni, Marco
dc.contributor.authorCaraceni, Augusto
dc.contributor.authorBrunelli, Cinzia
dc.contributor.authorBroeckaert, Bert
dc.contributor.authorChristakis, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorEychmueller, Steffen
dc.contributor.authorGlare, Paul
dc.contributor.authorNabal, Maria
dc.contributor.authorViganò, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorLarkin, Philip
dc.contributor.authorDe Conno, Franco
dc.contributor.authorHanks, Geoffrey
dc.contributor.authorKaasa, Stein
dc.identifier.citationMaltoni, Marco; Caraceni, Augusto; Brunelli, Cinzia; Broeckaert, Bert; Christakis, Nicholas; Eychmueller, Steffen; Glare, Paul; Nabal, Maria; Viganò, Antonio; Larkin, Philip; De Conno, Franco; Hanks, Geoffrey; Kaasa, Stein (2005). Prognostic factors in advanced cancer patients: evidence-based clinical recommendations—a study by the steering committee of the european association for palliative care. Journal of Clinical Oncology 23 (25), 6240-6248
dc.description.abstractPurpose To offer evidence-based clinical recommendations concerning prognosis in advanced cancer patients. Methods A Working Group of the Research Network of the European Association for Palliative Care identified clinically significant topics, reviewed the studies, and assigned the level of evidence. A formal meta-analysis was not feasible because of the heterogeneity of published studies and the lack of minimal standards in reporting results. A systematic electronic literature search within the main available medical literature databases was performed for each of the following four areas identified: clinical prediction of survival (CPS), biologic factors, clinical signs and symptoms and psychosocial variables, and prognostic scores. Only studies on patients with advanced cancer and survival <= 90 days were included. Results A total of 38 studies were evaluated. Level A evidence-based recommendations of prognostic correlation could be formulated for CPS (albeit with a series of limitations of which clinicians must be aware) and prognostic scores. Recommendations on the use of other prognostic factors, such as performance status, symptoms associated with cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome (weight loss, anorexia, dysphagia, and xerostomia), dyspnea, delirium, and some biologic factors (leukocytosis, lymphocytopenia, and C-reactive protein), reached level B. Conclusion Prognostication of life expectancy is a significant clinical commitment for clinicians involved in oncology and palliative care. More accurate prognostication is feasible and can be achieved by combining clinical experience and evidence from the literature. Using and communicating prognostic information should be part of a multidisciplinary palliative care approach.
dc.publisherAmerican Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Oncology
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.subjectterminally-ill patients
dc.subjectkarnofsky performance status
dc.subjectsurvival prediction
dc.subjectmedical literature
dc.subjectdoctors prognoses
dc.subjectinpatient hospice
dc.subjectusers guides
dc.titlePrognostic factors in advanced cancer patients: evidence-based clinical recommendations—a study by the steering committee of the european association for palliative care

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