A review of field performance of stone columns on soft soils
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McCabe, BA, Nimmons, GJ and Egan, D. (2009) 'A review of field performance of stone columns on soft soils'. Proceedings of ICE Geotechnical Engineering, 162 (6):323-334.
The behaviour of stone columns has yet to be captured fully by analytical and numerical techniques, and predicting column behaviour in soft cohesive soils brings specific challenges. This paper provides a comprehensive review and assessment of some aspects of field performance of stone columns in soft clays and silts, from both published and unpublished data and for loading over both wide areas (i.e. embankments) and small areas (i.e. footings). In particular, a new database of settlement improvement factors is developed, which gives an indication of the reliability of a traditional analytical approach, as well as distinguishing clearly between the performance of the preferred dry bottom feed system and other column construction systems. The paper gives evidence highlighting the key construction issues central to the successful performance of treated ground. Some data are also presented on pore pressure and total stress changes as a result of column installation and loading, and interpretation of these data benefits from a direct comparison with driven piles.
Journal article - can archive publisher's version http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1353-2618/