Temporal and spatial distribution of human cryptosporidiosis in the west of Ireland 2004-2007
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Callaghan M, Cormican M, Prendergast M, Pelly H, Cloughley R, Hanahoe B, O¿Donovan D. Temporal and spatial distribution of human cryptosporidiosis in the west of Ireland 2004-2007. International Journal of Health Geographics 2009;8:64.
Cryptosporidiosis is increasingly recognised as a cause of gastrointestinal infection in Ireland and has been implicated in several outbreaks. This study aimed to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution of human cryptosporidiosis in the west of Ireland in order to identify high risk seasons and areas and to compare Classically Calculated (CC) and Empirical Bayesian (EB) incidence rates. Two spatial scales of analysis were used with a view to identifying the best one in assessing geographical patterns of infection. Global Moran's I and Local Moran's I tests of autocorrelation were used to test for evidence of global and local spatial clustering.