Barriers and facilitators related to the implementation of a physiological track and trigger system: A systematic review of the qualitative evidence
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Connolly, Fergal, Byrne, Dara, Lydon, Sinéad, Walsh, Chloe, & O’Connor, Paul. (2017). Barriers and facilitators related to the implementation of a physiological track and trigger system: A systematic review of the qualitative evidence. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 29(8), 973-980. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzx148
Purpose To identify the barriers to, and facilitators of, the implementation of physiological track and trigger systems (PTTSs), perceived by healthcare workers, through a systematic review of the extant qualitative literature. Data sources Searches were performed in PUBMED, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Embase and Web of Science. The reference lists of included studies were also screened. Study selection The electronic searches yielded 2727 papers. After removing duplicates, and further screening, a total of 10 papers were determined to meet the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Data extraction A deductive content analysis approach was taken to organizing and analysing the data. A framework consisting of two overarching dimensions (‘User-related changes required to implement PTTSs effectively’ and ‘Factors that affect user-related changes’), 5 themes (staff perceptions of PTTSs and patient safety, workflow adjustment, PTTS, implementation process and local context) and 14 sub themes was used to classify the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of PTTSs. Results of data synthesis Successful implementation of a PTTS must address the social context in which it is to be implemented by ensuring that the users believe that the system is effective and benefits patient care. The users must feel invested in the PTTS and its use must be supported by training to ensure that all healthcare workers, senior and junior, understand their role in using the system. Conclusion PTTSs can improve patient safety and quality of care. However, there is a need for a robust implementation strategy or the benefits of PTTSs will not be realized.