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dc.contributor.authorSurup, Gerrit
dc.contributor.authorVehus, Tore
dc.contributor.authorEidem, Per-Anders
dc.contributor.authorTrubetskaya, Anna
dc.contributor.authorNielsen, Henrik Kofoed
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-14T15:56:55Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-05
dc.identifier.citationSurup, Gerrit, Vehus, Tore, Eidem, Per-Anders, Trubetskaya, Anna, & Nielsen, Henrik Kofoed. (2019). Characterization of renewable reductants and charcoal-based pellets for the use in ferroalloy industries. Energy, 167, 337-345. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.193en_IE
dc.identifier.issn1873-6785
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/14642
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates the effect of high-temperature pyrolysis and post-treatment processes on spruce and oak charcoal yields and CO2 reactivity in a slow pyrolysis reactor. Post-treatment processes such as co-pyrolysis of biomass and recirculated tar mixture with that to the distillation of the charcoal-tar blend gave similar increase in charcoal yields. From a technological standpoint, co-pyrolysis of charcoal and tar mixture decreased the CO2 reactivity of the charcoal approaching that of fossil-based coke. This emphasize the importance of tar addition and high temperature treatment on charcoal properties. Moreover, the findings of this work show the potential use of the tar organic fractions as a binder that can be used for the charcoal pellet preparation. The results are promising as they show that the charcoal-based pellets have comparable properties of pellets from herbaceous biomass leading to the cost reduction in charcoal transportation and storage.en_IE
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Elkem AS, Saint Gobain Ceramic Materials AS, and Eramet Norway AS.en_IE
dc.formatapplication/pdfen_IE
dc.language.isoenen_IE
dc.publisherElsevieren_IE
dc.relation.ispartofEnergyen
dc.subjectPelletizationen_IE
dc.subjectFerroalloy industryen_IE
dc.subjectCharcoalen_IE
dc.subjectHigh temperature pyrolysisen_IE
dc.subjectSecondary heat treatmenten_IE
dc.titleCharacterization of renewable reductants and charcoal-based pellets for the use in ferroalloy industriesen_IE
dc.typeArticleen_IE
dc.date.updated2018-11-14T12:54:03Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.193
dc.local.publishedsourcehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.193en_IE
dc.description.peer-reviewedpeer-reviewed
dc.description.embargo2020-11-05
dc.internal.rssid15361267
dc.local.contactAnna Trubetskaya, -. - Email: anna.trubetskaya@nuigalway.ie
dc.local.copyrightcheckedYes
dc.local.versionACCEPTED
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