Enhanced visual temporal resolution in autism spectrum disorders
Falter, Christine M.
Elliott, Mark A.
Bailey, Anthony J.
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Falter, Christine M. Elliott, Mark A.; Bailey, Anthony J. (2012). Enhanced visual temporal resolution in autism spectrum disorders. PLoS ONE 7 (3),
Cognitive functions that rely on accurate sequencing of events, such as action planning and execution, verbal and nonverbal communication, and social interaction rely on well-tuned coding of temporal event-structure. Visual temporal event-structure coding was tested in 17 high-functioning adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and mental-and chronological-age matched typically-developing (TD) individuals using a perceptual simultaneity paradigm. Visual simultaneity thresholds were lower in individuals with ASD compared to TD individuals, suggesting that autism may be characterised by increased parsing of temporal event-structure, with a decreased capability for integration over time. Lower perceptual simultaneity thresholds in ASD were also related to increased developmental communication difficulties. These results are linked to detail-focussed and local processing bias.