Browsing Mathematics by Title
Now showing items 1029 of 144

A census of human soluble protein complexes
(Elsevier, 20120811)Cellular processes often depend on stable physical associations between proteins. Despite recent progress, knowledge of the composition of human protein complexes remains limited. To close this gap, we applied an integrative ... 
Characterising the anisotropic mechanical properties of excised human skin
(2012)The mechanical properties of skin are important for a number of applications including surgery, dermatology, impact biomechanics and forensic science. In this study, we have investigated the influence of location and ... 
Characteristic classes of complexified bundles
(Summer School in Algebraic Topology: Sheaf theoretic methods in the theory of characteristic classes, 2007)We examine the topological characteristic cohomology classes of complexified vector bundles . In particular, all the classes coming from real vector bundles are computed. We use characteristic classes with the axioms of ... 
Circularlypolarized plane waves in a deformed Hadamard material
(Elsevier, 20011031)Smallamplitude inhomogeneous plane waves propagating in any direction in a homogeneously deformed Hadamard material are considered. Conditions for circular polarization are established. The analysis relies on the use of ... 
(Co)homologies et Kthéorie de groupes de Bianchi par des modèles géométriques calculatoires
(Université de Grenoble / Universität Göttingen, 20101015)Cette thèse consiste d'une étude de la géométrie d'une certaine classe de groupes arithmétiques, à travers d'une action propre sur un espace contractile. Nous calculons explicitement leur homologie de groupe, et leur ... 
Compact travelling waves in viscoelastic solids
(IOP Science, 20090902)We introduce a model for nonlinear viscoelastic solids, for which travelling shear waves with compact support are possible. Using analytical and numerical methods, we investigate the general case of this model, and an ... 
Complexifiable characteristic classes
(Springer, 201401)We examine the topological characteristic cohomology classes of complexified vector bundles. In particular, all the classes coming from the real vector bundles underlying the complexification are determined. 
Compression instabilities of tissues with localized strain softening.
(World Scientific Publishing Company, 20100927)The stressstrain relationship of biological soft tissues affected by Marfan's syndrome is believed to be nonconvex. More specifically, Haughton and Merodio recently proposed a strain energy density leading to localized ... 
Creep, recovery, and waves in a nonlinear fiberreinforced viscoelastic solid
(Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 20071010)We present a constitutive model capturing some of the experimentally observed features of soft biological tissues: nonlinear viscoelasticity, nonlinear elastic anisotropy, and nonlinear viscous anisotropy. For this model ... 
Determination of friction coefficient in unconfined compression of brain tissue
(Elsevier, 201210)Unconfined compression tests are more convenient to perform on cylindrical samples of brain tissue than tensile tests in order to estimate mechanical properties of the brain tissue because they allow for homogeneous ... 
Differences in tension and compression in the nonlinearly elastic bending of beams
(Texas Digital Library, 200902)The classical flexure problem of nonlinear incompressible elasticity is revisited for elastic materials whose mechanical response is different in tension and compression  the socalled bimodular materials. The flexure ... 
Diffusionrank: a possible penicillin for web spamming
(2007)While the PageRank algorithm has proven to be very effective for ranking Web pages, the rank scores of Web pages can be manipulated. To handle the manipulation problem and to cast a new insight on the Web structure, we ... 
Elastic interface acoustic waves in twinned crystals
(Elsevier, 2003)A new type of interface acoustic waves (IAW) is presented, for singlecrystal orthotropic twins bonded symmetrically along a plane containing only one common crystallographic axis. The effective boundary conditions show ... 
EndoCOM : Conception d un banc in vitro de simulation des anévrismes de l aorte abdominale
(2009)(FR) Le traitement des anévrismes de l'aorte abdominale par voie endovasculaire est aujourd'hui prédominant à plus de 65 % mais comporte encore des risques. Le suivi postopératoire devient alors crucial. Le projet de ... 
Exceptional Vertex Operator Algebras and the Virasoro Algebra
(2008)We consider exceptional vertex operator algebras for which particular Casimir vectors constructed from the primary vectors of lowest conformal weight are Virasoro descendants of the vacuum. We discuss constraints on these ... 
Experimental characterisation of neural tissue at collision speeds
(International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI), 2012)Mechanical characterisation of brain tissue at high loading velocities is particularly important for modelling Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). During severe impact conditions, brain tissue experiences a mixture of compression, ... 
Explicit secular equation for Scholte waves over a monoclinic crystal
(Elsevier, 2004)Scholte waves are acoustic waves propagating at a fluid/solid interface. They are localized in the neighborhood of the phase boundary in the sense that they decay exponentially in both directions along the normal to the ... 
The explicit secular equation for surface acoustic waves in monoclinic elastic crystals
(Acoustical Society of America, 20010125)The secular equation for surface acoustic waves propagating on a monoclinic elastic halfspace is derived in a direct manner, using the method of first integrals. Although the motion is at first assumed to correspond to ... 
Explicit secular equations for piezoacoustic surface waves: Rayleigh modes
(American Institute of Physics, 20050906)The existence of a twopartial Rayleigh wave coupled to an electrical field in 2 mm piezoelectric crystals is known but has rarely been investigated analytically. It turns out that the Z cut X propagation problem can be ...