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dc.contributor.authorHealy, Mark G.
dc.contributor.authorRodgers, Michael
dc.contributor.authorMulqueen, John
dc.identifier.citationHealy, M.G., Rodgers, M., Mulqueen, J. 2007. Treatment of dairy wastewater using constructed wetlands and intermittent sand filters. Bioresource Technology 98: 2268-2281.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn Ireland, the most common method of disposal of dairy parlour washings is by land spreading. This treatment method has numerous problems, namely high labour requirements and the potential for eutrophication of surface and ground waters. Constructed wetlands are commonly used for treatment of secondary municipal wastewaters and they have been gaining popularity for treatment of agricultural wastewaters in Ireland. Intermittent sand filtration may offer an alternative to traditional treatment methods. As well as providing comparable treatment performance, they also have a smaller footprint, due to the substantially higher organic loading rates that may be applied to their surfaces. This paper discusses the performance and design criteria of constructed wetlands for the treatment of domestic and agricultural wastewater, and sand filters for the treatment of domestic wastewater. It also proposes sand filtration as an alternative treatment mechanism for agricultural wastewater and suggests design guidelines.en_US
dc.publisherBioresource Technologyen_US
dc.subjectCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectConstructed wetlandsen_US
dc.subjectSand filtersen_US
dc.subjectAgricultural wastewater treatmenten_US
dc.subjectMunicipal wastewater treatmenten_US
dc.subject.lcshConstructed wetlandsen_US
dc.subject.lcshSand filtersen_US
dc.subject.lcshAgricultural wastewater treatmenten_US
dc.subject.lcshMunicipal wastewater treatmenten_US
dc.titleTreatment of dairy wastewater using constructed wetlands and intermittent sand filtersen_US

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