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dc.contributor.advisorSchabas, William A.
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Kjell
dc.description.abstractWhy do individuals perpetrate the crime of genocide? This thesis utilises an interdisciplinary, criminological approach in order to explore this question. Interviews with perpetrators and victims of genocide in Rwanda, Burundi, Bosnia, Bangladesh, and Cambodia demonstrate the nature of genocide as a non-deviant crime of conformity. Propaganda from the criminogenic state drives this legitimisation of the crime of genocide. Perpetrators rationalise their actions, through the techniques of neutralisation, which are derived from state propaganda, peer influences, and the tendency of individuals to minimise their own culpability. Thus, perpetrator decision-making is rational but is constrained within the context of the genocidal state. Genocide may be prevented by increasing the costs of participation. Perpetrator self-objectification (the removal of agency) occurs in parallel with the objectification (dehumanisation) of victims in order to override the prohibition on killing and facilitate the commission of genocide.en_US
dc.subjectCauses of genocideen_US
dc.subjectPrevention of genocideen_US
dc.subjectCrimes against humanityen_US
dc.subjectInternational crimesen_US
dc.subjectCriminology of international crimesen_US
dc.subjectInternational criminal lawen_US
dc.subjectIrish Centre for Human Rightsen_US
dc.titleThe Dehumanisation Dynamic: A Criminology of Genocideen_US
dc.local.noteThis thesis examines the causes and prevention of the crime of genocide. The focus is on the motivation of individual perpetrators. Drawing on interviews conducted in Rwanda, Burundi, Bosnia, and Cambodia it is concluded that genocide is perpetrated by ordinary individuals acting under powerful social pressures. Foremost among these pressures are obedience to authority and conformity with peers. Our tendency to conform and reduce our own culpability for wrongful acts through rationalisations also eases the perpetration of the crime of genocide. Genocide may be prevented by making perpetration more difficult for perpetrators through means such as the criminal prosecution of genocide.en_US

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