Browsing College of Science by Title
Now showing items 284303 of 691

Improved simulation of small electron fields for external beam radiation therapy
(2009)This paper reports on improved simulation of small electron fields from a Siemens Primus linear accelerator. Accelerator simulation was performed using the Monte Carlo user code BEAMnrc. Source and geometry parameters ... 
In vivo correlation mapping microscopy
(Society of Photooptical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 201603)To facilitate regular assessment of the microcirculation in vivo, noninvasive imaging techniques such as nailfold capillaroscopy are required in clinics. Recently, a correlation mapping technique has been applied to optical ... 
The incompressible limit in linear anisotropic elasticity, with applications to surface waves and elastostatics
(Elsevier, 2002)[no abstract available] 
Incremental equations for soft fibrous materials
(Springer, 2015)The general theory of nonlinear anisotropic elasticity is extended to describe smallamplitude motions and static deformations that can be superimposed on large prestrains of fibrereinforced solids. The linearised ... 
Incremental magnetoelastic deformations, with application to surface instability
(Springer, 200801)In this paper the equations governing the deformations of infinitesimal (incremental) disturbances superimposed on finite static deformation fields involving magnetic and elastic interactions are presented. The coupling ... 
Indoor air quality and thermal comfort in Irish retrofitted energy efficient homes
(School of Physics, NUI Galway, 20170314)Results from an Irish study comparing the concentrations of 10 indoor air pollutants and occupant comfort in 15 naturally ventilated three bed semidetached two storey homes before and after the implementation of energy ... 
An inductive approach to Coxeter arrangements and Solomon's descent algebra
(Springer Verlag, 20120720)In our recent paper (Douglass et al. arXiv: 1101.2075 (2011)), we claimed that both the group algebra of a finite Coxeter group W as well as the OrlikSolomon algebra of W can be decomposed into a sum of induced onedimensional ... 
Influence of chemical composition on the fluorescence lifetimes of crude petroleum oils
(Society of Photooptical Instrumentation Engineers, 2003)Fluorescence based methods are increasingly being used for the analysis of crude oils because they offer high speed, low cost, noncontact, and nondestructive testing options. The fluorescence of crude oils is due to the ... 
The influence of coformers on the dissolution rates of coamorphous sulfamerazine/excipient systems
(Elsevier, 20160316)A comprehensive study on the dissolution properties of three coamorphous sulfamerazine/excipient systems, namely sulfamerazine/deoxycholic acid, sulfamerazine/citric acid and sulfamerazine/sodium taurocholate (SMZ/DA, ... 
Influence of preservation temperature on the measured mechanical properties of brain tissue
(Elsevier, 20130426)The large variability in experimentally measured mechanical properties of brain tissue is due to many factors including heterogeneity, anisotropy, age dependence and postmortem time. Moreover, differences in test protocols ... 
Influence of steam dilution on the ignition of hydrogen, syngas and natural gas blends at elevated pressures
(Elsevier ScienceDirect, 20141110)This paper presents the influence of steam dilution on the autoignition behaviour of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, syngas, methane, and natural gas mixtures under gas turbinerelevant conditions. Rapid compression machine ... 
Inhibition of Burkholderia multivorans Adhesion to Lung Epithelial Cells by Bivalent Lactosides
(MDPI, 20120824)Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is an opportunistic pathogen in cystic fibrosis patients which is inherently resistant to antimicrobial agents. The mechanisms of attachment and pathogenesis of Bcc, a group of 17 species, ... 
Inhomogeneous "longitudinal" circularlypolarized plane waves in anisotropic elastic crystals
(S. Hirzel verlag, Ingenta Connect, 2006)Conditions on the elastic stiffnesses of anisotropic crystals are derived such that circularly polarized longitudinal inhomogeneous plane waves with an isotropic slowness bivector may propagate for any given direction of ... 
Inhomogeneous "longitudinal" plane waves in a deformed elastic material
(Springer, 200501)By definition, a homogeneous isotropic compressible Hadamard material has the property that an infinitesimal longitudinal homogeneous plane wave may propagate in every direction when the material is maintained in a state ... 
Inhomogeneous deformation of brain tissue during tension tests
(Elsevier, 2012)Mechanical characterization of brain tissue has been investigated extensively by various research groups over the past 50 years. These properties are particularly important for modeling Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). ... 
Inhomogeneous shear of orthotropic incompressible nonlinearly elastic solids: Singular solutions and biomechanical interpretation
(Elsevier, 2009)We present a detailed study of rectilinear shear deformation in the framework of orthotropic nonlinear elasticity, under Dirichlet and mixedboundary conditions. We take a slab made of a soft matrix, reinforced with two ... 
Initial stress symmetry and its applications in elasticity
(The Royal Society, 20151028)An initial stress within a solid can arise to support external loads or from processes such as thermal expansion in inert matter or growth and remodelling in living materials. For this reason, it is useful to develop a ... 
Initial stresses in elastic solids: Constitutive laws and acoustoelasticity
(2011)On the basis of the nonlinear theory of elasticity, the general constitutive equation for an isotropic hyperelastic solid in the presence of initial stress is derived. This derivation involves invariants that couple the ... 
Instabilities in elastomers and soft tissues
(Oxford Journals, 20060915)Biological soft tissues exhibit elastic properties that can be dramatically different from rubbertype materials (elastomers). To gain a better understanding of the role of constitutive relationships in determining material ... 
The integral homology of PSL(2) of imaginary quadratic integers with nontrivial class group
(2011)We show that a cellular complex defined by Flöge allows us to determine the integral homology of the Bianchi groups PSL(2)(O[m]), where O[m] is the ring of integers of an imaginary quadratic number field Q [square root ...