Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWall, Ronald
dc.contributor.authorRehm, Jurgen
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Benedikt
dc.contributor.authorBrand's, Bruna
dc.contributor.authorGliksman, Louis
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorMedved, Wendy
dc.contributor.authorBlake, Joan
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-24T08:26:36Z
dc.date.available2018-08-24T08:26:36Z
dc.date.issued2000-12-01
dc.identifier.citationWall, Ronald; Rehm, Jurgen; Fischer, Benedikt; Brand's, Bruna; Gliksman, Louis; Stewart, Jennifer; Medved, Wendy; Blake, Joan (2000). Social costs of untreated opioid dependence. Journal of Urban Health 77 (4), 688-722
dc.identifier.issn1099-3460,1468-2869
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/9960
dc.description.abstractUsing cost-of-illness methodology applied to a comprehensive survey of 114 daily opiate users not currently in or seeking treatment for their addiction, we estimated the 1996 social costs of untreated opioid dependence in Toronto (Ontario, Canada). The survey collected data on social and demographic characteristics, drug use history, physical and mental health status, the use of health care and substance treatment services, drug use modality and sex-related risks of infectious diseases, sources of income, as well as criminality and involvement with the law enforcement system. The annual social cost generated by this sample, calculated at Canadian $5.086 million, is explained mostly by crime victimization (44.6%) and law enforcement (42.4%), followed by productivity losses (7.0%) and the utilization of health care (6.1%). Applying the $13,100 cost to the estimated 8,000 to 13,000 users and 2.456 million residents living in Toronto yields a range of social cost between $43 and $69 per capita.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Urban Health
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
dc.subjectcost of illness
dc.subjectillicit drugs
dc.subjectopioid dependence.
dc.subjectinjecting drug-users
dc.subjecteconomic costs
dc.subjectself-report
dc.subjectprescription drugs
dc.subjecthidden populations
dc.subjectsubstance-abuse
dc.subjectcrime
dc.subjectpolicy
dc.subjectcanada
dc.subjectstreet
dc.titleSocial costs of untreated opioid dependence
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/bf02344032
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://europepmc.org/articles/pmc3456775?pdf=render
nui.item.downloads0


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland