A real-time combination method for the outputs of different rainfall-runoff models
SHAMSELDIN, ASAAD Y.
O'CONNOR, KIERAN M.
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SHAMSELDIN, ASAAD Y. O'CONNOR, KIERAN M. (1999). A real-time combination method for the outputs of different rainfall-runoff models. Hydrological Sciences Journal 44 (6), 895-912
Application of the concept of combining the estimated forecast output of different rainfall-runoff models to yield an overall combined estimated output in the context of real-time river flow forecasting is explored. A Real-Time Model Output Combination Method (RTMOCM) is developed, based on the structure of the Linear Transfer Function Model (LTFM) and utilizing the concept of the Weighted Average Method (WAM) for model output combination. A multiple-input single-output form of the LTFM is utilized in the RTMOCM. This form of the LTFM model uses synchronously the daily simulation-mode model-estimated discharge time series of the rainfall-runoff models selected for combination, its inherent updating structure being used for providing updated combined discharge forecasts. The RTMOCM is applied to the daily data of five catchments, using the simulation-mode estimated discharges of three selected rainfall-runoff models, comprising one conceptual model (Soil Moisture Accounting and Routing Procedure-SMAR) and two black-box models (Linear Perturbation Model-LPM and Linearly-Varying Variable Gain Factor Model-LVGFM). In order to get an indication of the accuracy of the updated combined discharge forecasts relative to the updated discharge forecasts of the individual models, the LTFM is also used for updating the simulation-mode discharge time series of each of the three individual models. The results reveal that the updated combined discharge forecasts provided by the RTMOCM, with parameters obtained by linear regression, can improve on the updated discharge forecasts of the individual rainfall-runoff-models.