A model prediction of the yield of cloud condensation nuclei from coastal nucleation events
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Pirjola, Liisa (2002). A model prediction of the yield of cloud condensation nuclei from coastal nucleation events. Journal of Geophysical Research 107 ,
 The formation and evolution of new particles during coastal nucleation events are examined using the aerosol dynamic and gas-phase chemistry model AEROFOR2. Coastal regions are known to be a strong source of natural aerosol particles and are also strong sources of biogenic vapors which can condense onto aerosol particles, thus resulting in particle growth. A number of model simulations were performed to determine the instantaneous nucleation rate along with the source rate of a generic biogenic vapor leading to the observed particle size distributions which indicate the rapid appearance of similar to10(5)-10(6) cm(-3) nucleation mode particles in this environment. Model calculations suggest values of 3 x 10(5) cm(-3) s(-1) to 3 x 10(6) cm(-3) s(-1) for the instantaneous nucleation rate and a value of 5 x 10(7) cm(-3) s(-1) for the condensable vapor source rate in order to reproduce the observed concentrations. A significant fraction of these new particles survive to grow into cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) sizes for supersaturations typically encountered in boundary layer clouds during subsequent evolution over 3 days under clear-sky conditions, thus contributing to the indirect radiative effect of aerosols. The amount of CCN is mainly affected by coagulation between particles and condensation of the biogenic vapor and, to a lesser extent, by condensation of sulphuric acid formed by DMS oxidation. In all simulated cases, an increase of more than 100% in CCN concentration, for supersaturations >0.35% was observed.