Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorLally, Bredaen
dc.contributor.authorvan Rensburg, Thomas M.en
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-07T13:17:36Zen
dc.date.available2010-05-07T13:17:36Zen
dc.date.issued2007en
dc.identifier.citationLally B., Riordan B. & van Rensburg, T. M. (2007) "Controlling Agricultural Emissions of Nitrates: Regulation versus Taxes" (Working Paper No. 0122) Department of Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/955en
dc.description.abstractTwo policy instruments, input taxes and regulations, can be used to deal with nitrate pollution. However, in practice command and control (CAC) measures such as input regulations and management practices, as outlined in Action Programmes under the EU Nitrates Directive (Council Directive of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources (91/676/EEC), rather than economic instruments, are commonly used to deal with nitrate pollution from agricultural sources. Action Programmes are meant to ensure that the applications of nitrogen to farmland are within limits calculated to avoid a level of nitrate emissions to water supplies that would put them above the concentration limit of 50mg/litre specified in the Directive. The premise of the Action Programmes is that farmers should take all reasonable steps to prevent or minimise the application to land of fertilisers in excess of crop requirements. To this end the Irish Action Programme specifies that the amount of livestock manure applied in any year to land on a holding, together with that deposited on land by livestock, cannot exceed an amount containing 170kg nitrogen per hectare (ha) and also sets limits on the application of inorganic (manufactured) nitrogen. However, the objective of the Nitrates Directive, at least in terms of organic and inorganic nitrogen application rates, could theoretically be achieved by imposing a tax on nitrogen inputs. This paper tests the hypotheses that the objectives of the Nitrates Directive, in terms of organic and inorganic N application rates, would be more effectively and more equitably achieved by regulation, than by a tax. The results of the analysis indicate that this is the case.en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNational University of Ireland, Galwayen
dc.subjectNitrates directiveen
dc.subjectInput taxesen
dc.subjectRegulationsen
dc.subjectEffectivenessen
dc.subjectEquityen
dc.subjectEconomicsen
dc.titleControlling Agricultural Emissions of Nitrates: Regulation versus Taxesen
dc.typeWorking Paperen
dc.description.peer-reviewedpeer-revieweden
nui.item.downloads1307


Files in this item

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. Please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.

The following license files are associated with this item:

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record