Cytotoxicity associated with induction of nitric oxide synthase in rat duodenal epithelial cellsin vivoby lipopolysaccharide ofhelicobacter pylori: inhibition by superoxide dismutase
Moran, Anthony P
Whittle, Brendan J R
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Lamarque, Dominique; Moran, Anthony P; Szepes, Zoltan; Delchier, Jean-Charles; Whittle, Brendan J R (2000). Cytotoxicity associated with induction of nitric oxide synthase in rat duodenal epithelial cellsin vivoby lipopolysaccharide ofhelicobacter pylori: inhibition by superoxide dismutase. British Journal of Pharmacology 130 (7), 1531-1538
1 The products released by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in the gastric antral and duodenal mucosa may be involved in mucosal ulceration by stimulating the local formation of cytotoxic factors such as nitric oxide (NO), superoxide or peroxynitrite. 2 The present study investigates the ability of purified H. pylori lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in rat duodenal epithelial cells following in vivo challenge and its interaction with superoxide in promoting cellular damage and apoptosis. 3 H. pylori LPS (0.75-3 mg kg(-1) i.v. or 3-12 mg kg(-1) p.o.) induced a dose-dependent expression of iNOS activity after 5 h in the duodenal epithelial cells, determined by [C-14] arginine conversion to citrulline. 4 The epithelial cell viability, as assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion and MTT conversion, was reduced 5 h after challenge with H. pylori LPS, while the incidence of apoptosis was increased. 5 The iNOS activity and reduction in cell viability following H. pylori LPS challenge i.v. was inhibited by the selective iNOS inhibitor, 1400 W (0.2-5 mg kg(-1) i.v.). 6 Concurrent administration of superoxide dismutase conjugated with polyethylene glycol (250-500 i.u, kg(-1), i.v.), which did not modify the cellular iNOS activity, reduced the epithelial cell damage provoked by i.v. H. pylori LPS, and abolished the increased incidence of apoptosis. 7 These results suggest that expression of iNOS following challenge with H. pylori LPS provokes duodenal epithelial cell injury and apoptosis by a process involving superoxide, implicating peroxynitrite involvement. These events may contribute to the pathogenic mechanisms of H. pyloli in promoting peptic ulcer disease.