Functional coupling of β3-adrenoceptors and large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels in human uterine myocytes
Doheny, Helen C.
Lynch, Caoimhe M.
Smith, Terry J.
Morrison, John J.
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Doheny, Helen C. Lynch, Caoimhe M.; Smith, Terry J.; Morrison, John J. (2005). Functional coupling of β3-adrenoceptors and large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels in human uterine myocytes. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 90 (10), 5786-5796
Context: beta(3)-Adrenoreceptor modulation in human myometrium during pregnancy is linked functionally to myometrial inhibition. Maxi-K(+) channels (BK(Ca)) play a significant role in modulating cell membrane potential and excitability. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the potential involvement of BKCa channel function in the response of human myometrium to beta(3)-adrenoceptor activation. Design: Single and whole-cell electrophysiological BKCa channel recordings from freshly dispersed myocytes were obtained in the presence and absence of BRL37344, a specific beta(3)-adrenoreceptor agonist. The in vitro effects of BRL37344 on isolated myometrial contractions, in the presence and absence of the specific BKCa channel blocker, iberiotoxin ( IbTX), were investigated. Setting: The study was carried out at the Clinical Science Institute. Patients or Other Participants: Myometrial biopsies were obtained at elective cesarean delivery. Intervention: No intervention was applied. Main Outcome Measures: Open state probability of single channel recordings, whole cell currents, and myometrial contractile activity were measured. Results: Single-channel recordings identified the BK(Ca) channel as a target of BRL37344. BRL37344 significantly increased the open state probability of this channel in a concentration-dependent manner ( control 0.031 +/- 0.004; 50 mu M BRL37344 0.073 +/- 0.005 (P < 0.001); and 100 mu M BRL37344 0.101 +/- 0.005 ( P < 0.001). This effect was completely blocked after preincubation of the cells with 1 mu M bupranolol, a nonspecific - adrenoreceptor blocker, or 100 nM SR59230a, a specific beta(3)- adrenoreceptor antagonist. In addition, BRL37344 increased whole- cell currents over a range of membrane potentials, and this effect was reversed by 100 nM IbTX. In vitro isometric tension studies demonstrated that BRL37344 exerted a significant concentrationdependent relaxant effect on human myometrial tissue (P < 0.05), and preincubation of these strips with IbTX attenuated this effect on both spontaneous and oxytocin- induced contractions (44.44 and 57.84% at 10(-5) M, respectively). Conclusions: These findings outline that activation of the BK(Ca) channel may explain the potent uterorelaxant effect of beta(3)-adrenoreceptor agonists.