Investigation of histology region in dielectric measurements of heterogeneous tissues
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Porter, E., & O’Halloran, M. (2017). Investigation of Histology Region in Dielectric Measurements of Heterogeneous Tissues. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 65(10), 5541-5552. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2017.2741026
The dielectric properties of tissues are the key parameters in electromagnetic medical technologies. Despite the apparent simplicity of the dielectric measurement process, reported data have been inconsistent for heterogeneous tissues. Dielectric properties may be attributed to heterogeneous tissues by identifying the tissue types that contributed to the measurement through histological analysis. However, accurate interpretation of the measurements with histological analysis requires first defining an appropriate histology region to examine. Here, we investigate multiple definitions for the probe sensing depth and uniquely calculate this parameter for measurements with a realistic range of tissues. We demonstrate that different sensing depth definitions are not equivalent, and may introduce error in dielectric data. Last, we propose an improved definition, given by the depth to which the probe can detect changes in the tissue sample, within the measurement uncertainty. We equate this sensing depth with histology depth, thus supporting the need of having the tissue region that contributes to the dielectric data be the same as that which is analyzed histologically. This paper demonstrates that, for these tissues, the histology depth is both frequency and tissue dependent. Therefore, the histology depth should be selected based on the measurement scenario; otherwise, inaccuracies in the data may result.