Recent Submissions

  • The EMEP Intensive Measurement Period campaign, 2008-2009: characterizing carbonaceous aerosol at nine rural sites in Europe 

    Yttri, Karl Espen; Simpson, David; Bergström, Robert; Kiss, Gyula; Szidat, Sonke; Ceburnis, Darius; Eckhardt, Sabine; Hueglin, Christoph; Nojgaard, Jacob Kleno; Perrino, Cinzia; Pisso, Ignazio; Prevot, Andre Stephan Henry; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Spindler, Gerald; Vana, Milan; Zhang, Yan-Lin; Aas, Wenche (European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2019-04-03)
    Carbonaceous aerosol (total carbon, TCp) was source apportioned at nine European rural background sites, as part of the European Measurement and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) Intensive Measurement Periods in fall 2008 and ...
  • Summertime primary and secondary contributions to Southern Ocean cloud condensation nuclei 

    Fossum, Kirsten N.; Ovadnevaite, Jurgita; Ceburnis, Darius; Dall'Osto, Manuel; Marullo, Salvatore; Bellacicco, Marco; Simó, Rafel; Liu, Dantong; Flynn, Michael; Zuend, Andreas; O'Dowd, Colin (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2019-07-18)
    Atmospheric aerosols in clean remote oceanic regions contribute significantly to the global albedo through the formation of haze and cloud layers; however, the relative importance of ‘primary’ wind-produced sea-spray over ...
  • Sea-spray regulates sulfate cloud droplet activation over oceans 

    Fossum, Kirsten N.; Ovadnevaite, Jurgita; Ceburnis, Darius; Preißler, Jana; Snider, Jefferson R.; Huang, Ru-Jin; Zuend, Andreas; O’Dowd, Colin (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2020-04-08)
    Sulfate aerosols are typically the dominant source of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) over remote oceans and their abundance is thought to be the dominating factor in determining oceanic cloud brightness. Their activation ...
  • Concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in human milk from Ireland: Implications for adult and nursing infant exposure 

    Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Mohamed; Wemken, Nina; Drage, Daniel Simon; Tlustos, Christina; Cellarius, Claire; Cleere, Kathy; Morrison, John J.; Daly, Sean; Coggins, Marie Ann; Harrad, Stuart (Elsevier, 2019-12-20)
    Concentrations of 10 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were measured in 16 pools of human milk from Ireland. Only four PFASs were detected (PFOA, PFNA, PFHxS and PFOS), with concentrations dominated by PFOA which was ...
  • VERITAS detection of LS 5039 and HESS J1825-137 

    Lang, Mark J.; Moriarty, Patrick (Elsevier, 2019-11-07)
    With 8 h of observations, VERITAS confirms the detection of two very high energy gamma-ray sources. The gamma-ray binary LS 5039 is detected with a statistical significance of 8.8σ. The measured flux above 1 TeV is near ...
  • Experimental assessment of clinical MRI-induced global SAR distributions in head phantoms 

    Blackwell, James; Oluniran, Gideon; Tuohy, Brendan; Destrade, Michel; Kraśny, Marcin Jan; Colgan, Niall (Elsevier, 2019-10-05)
    Accurate estimation of SAR is critical to safeguarding vulnerable patients who require an MRI procedure. The increased static field strength and RF duty cycle capabilities in modern MRI scanners mean that systems can easily ...
  • Spatial frequency domain correlation mapping optical coherence tomography for nanoscale structural characterization 

    Alexandrov, Sergey; McNamara, Paul M.; Das, Nandan; Zhou, Yi; Lynch, Gillian; Hogan, Josh; Leahy, Martin (AIP Publishing, 2019-09-16)
    Most of the fundamental pathological processes in living tissues exhibit changes at the nanoscale. Noninvasive, label-free detection of structural changes in biological samples pose a significant challenge to both researchers ...
  • Occupational exposures in an equestrian centre to respirable dust and respirable crystalline silica 

    Bulfin, Kathleen; Cowie, Hilary; Galea, Karen S.; Connolly, Alison; Coggins, Marie Ann (MDPI, 2019-09-03)
    Abstract: Sand-based products are regularly used as footing material on indoor equestrian arenas, creating a potential occupational exposure risk for respirable crystalline silica (RCS) for equestrian workers training and ...
  • Using the Agile software development lifecycle to develop a standalone application for generating colour magnitude diagrams 

    Fitzgerald, K.; Browne, Lisa-Marie; Butler, Ray F. (Elsevier, 2019-05-11)
    Virtual observatories allow the means by which an astronomer is able to discover, access, and process data seamlessly, regardless of its physical location. However, steep learning curves are often required to become ...
  • 1064 nm acoustic resolution photoacoustic microscopy 

    Periyasamy, Vijitha; Das, Nandan; Sharma, Arunima; Pramanik, Manojit (Wiley, 2018-12-03)
    Photoacoustic imaging is a noninvasive imaging technique having the advantages of high-optical contrast and good acoustic resolution at improved imaging depths. Light transport in biological tissues is mainly characterized ...
  • Game-based learning to engage students with physics and astronomy using a board game 

    Cardinot, Adriana; Fairfield, Jessamyn A. (IGI Global, 2019)
    In this research article, the authors developed a novel astronomy board game and examined how this approach could facilitate the learning and teaching of astronomy topics covered in the new Irish Science Syllabus. A total ...
  • Characterising glyphosate exposures among amenity horticulturists using multiple spot urine samples 

    Connolly, Alison; Basinas, Ioannis; Jones, Kate; Galea, Karen S.; Kenny, Laura; McGowan, Padraic; Coggins, Marie A. (Elsevier, 2018-07-08)
    Background Glyphosate has recently received much public attention following its Group 2A probably carcinogenic to humans classification from the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Despite the widespread ...
  • Performance review of multiple reference versus time domain optical coherence tomography 

    Neuhaus, Kai; McNamara, Paul M.; Alexandrov, Sergey; O'Gorman, Seán; Hogan, Josh; Wilson, Carol; Leahy, Martin J. (IEEE, 2018-04-19)
    We present a detailed characterization of noise sources in multiple reference optical coherence tomography (MR-OCT) compared to time-domain OCT (TD-OCT). The noise characteristics were modeled based on the TD-OCT noise ...
  • Investigation of depth-resolved nanoscale structural changes in regulated cell proliferation and chromatin decondensation 

    Uttam, Shikhar; Bista, Rajan K.; Staton, Kevin; Alexandrov, Sergey; Choi, Serah; Bakkenist, Christopher J.; Hartman, Douglas J.; Brand, Randall E.; Liu, Yang (2013)
    We present depth-resolved spatial-domain low-coherence quantitative phase microscopy, a simple approach that utilizes coherence gating to construct a depth-resolved structural feature vector quantifying sub-resolution axial ...
  • Sophisticated clean air strategies required to mitigate against particulate organic pollution 

    Grigas, Tomas; Ovadnevaite, Jurgita; Ceburnis, Darius; Moran, E.; McGovern, F.M.; Jennings, Stephen G.; O'Dowd, Colin (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-03-17)
    Since the 1980's, measures mitigating the impact of transboundary air pollution have been implemented successfully as evidenced in the 1980-2014 record of atmospheric sulphur pollution over the NE-Atlantic, a key region ...
  • Top-down and bottom-up aerosol-cloud closure: towards understanding sources of uncertainty in deriving cloud shortwave radiative flux 

    Sanchez, Kevin J.; Roberts, Gregory C.; Calmer, Radiance; Nicoll, Keri; Hashimshoni, Eyal; Rosenfeld, Daniel; Ovadnevaite, Jurgita; Preissler, Jana; Ceburnis, Darius; O'Dowd, Colin; Russell, Lynn M. (European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2017-08-22)
    Top-down and bottom-up aerosol-cloud shortwave radiative flux closures were conducted at the Mace Head Atmospheric Research Station in Galway, Ireland, in August 2015. This study is part of the BACCHUS (Impact of Biogenic ...
  • Understanding the changes of cone reflectance in adaptive optics flood illumination retinal images over three years 

    Mariotti, Letizia; Devaney, Nicholas; Lombardo, Giuseppe; Lombardo, Marco (Optical Society of America, 2016)
    Although there is increasing interest in the investigation of cone reflectance variability, little is understood about its characteristics over long time scales. Cone detection and its automation is now becoming a fundamental ...
  • Performance analysis of cone detection algorithms 

    Mariotti, Letizia; Devaney, Nicholas (Optical Society of America, 2015-04-01)
    Many algorithms have been proposed to help clinicians evaluate cone density and spacing, as these may be related to the onset of retinal diseases. However, there has been no rigorous comparison of the performance of these ...
  • In vivo correlation mapping microscopy 

    McGrath, James; Alexandrov, Sergey; Owens, Peter; Subhash, Hrebesh; Leahy, Martin (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2016-03)
    To facilitate regular assessment of the microcirculation in vivo, noninvasive imaging techniques such as nailfold capillaroscopy are required in clinics. Recently, a correlation mapping technique has been applied to optical ...
  • A recent change in the optical and gamma ray polarization of the Crab nebula and pulsar 

    Moran, Paul; Kyne, Gillian; Redfern, R. M.; Shearer, Andrew (Oxford journals, 2015-12-31)
    We report on observations of the polarization of optical and γ-ray photons from the Crab nebula and pulsar system using the Galway Astronomical Stokes Polarimeter (GASP), the Hubble Space Telescope, Advanced Camera for ...

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