Experimental and numerical assessment of MRI-induced temperature change and SAR distributions in phantoms
Van der Putten, Wil
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Colgan, Niall, Van der Putten, Wil, & Tuohy, Brendan. (2017). Experimental and numerical assessment of MRI-induced temperature change and SAR distributions in phantoms Paper presented at the Joint Conference of the European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference (EMBEC) and the Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics (NBC), Tampere, Finland.
During an MR procedure, most of the transmitted RF power is transformed into heat within the patient’s tissue and implants as a result of resistive losses which is referred to as the specific energy absorption rate (SAR) (1). The European committee for electrotechnical standardisation (CENELEC) has mandated that all scanners must measure the specific absorption rate of radiofrequency in patients and develop system safeguards to ensure that the limits set out IEC 60602-3-33 are not exceeded. Accurate estimation of SAR is critical to safeguard in unconscious/sedated patients, patients with compromised thermoregulation, implant patients, pregnant patients and neonates who require an MRI procedure. The increased static field strength and RF duty cycle capabilities in modern MRI scanners means that systems can easily exceed safe SAR levels for patients (2). Advisory protocols routine used to establish QA protocols do not have advise on the testing of SAR levels in MRI and this is not routinely measured in annual medical physics QA. There is increasing need to verify the manufacturers SAR estimations.