What's wrong with Medievalism: Tolkien, the Strugatsky brothers, and the question of the ideology of fantasy
Ruppo Malone, Irina
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Ruppo Malone, Irina. (2016). What's wrong with Medievalism? Tolkien, the Strugatsky brothers, and the question of the ideology of fantasy. Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, 27(2), pp.205-224.
This article addresses the question of the ideology of medievalist fantasy genre through an analysis of Hard to Be a God (1963) by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky with references to J. R. R. Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings. Once we step outside the English-speaking tradition and the various Western ideological trends of the fantasy boom years, the following aspects of medievalist fantasy become particularly apparent: its descent from the historical novels of the nineteenth century, its concern with historiography, and its relation to the pan-European cultural revivalist movements. As a hybrid text, part fantasy and part science fiction, Hard to Be a God offers insights on the ideological tendencies and challenges of medievalist fantasy.