Quantification of fluid shear stress in bone tissue engineering scaffolds with spherical and cubical pore architectures
Vaughan, Ted J.
McNamara, Laoise M.
MetadataShow full item record
This item's downloads: 335 (view details)
Zhao, Feihu, Vaughan, Ted J., & McNamara, Laoise M. (2016). Quantification of fluid shear stress in bone tissue engineering scaffolds with spherical and cubical pore architectures. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 15(3), 561-577. doi: 10.1007/s10237-015-0710-0
Recent studies have shown that mechanical stimulation, in the form of fluid perfusion and mechanical compression, can enhance osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and bone cells within tissue engineering scaffolds in vitro. The precise nature of mechanical stimulation within tissue engineering scaffolds is not only dictated by the exogenously applied loading regime, but also depends on the geometric features of the scaffold, in particular architecture, pore size and porosity. However, the precise contribution of each geometric feature towards the resulting mechanical stimulation within a scaffold is difficult to characterise due to the wide range of interacting parameters. In this study, we have applied a fluid-structure interaction model to investigate the role of scaffold geometry (architecture, pore size and porosity) on pore wall shear stress (WSS) under a range of different loading scenarios: fluid perfusion, mechanical compression and a combination of perfusion and compression. It is found that scaffold geometry (spherical and cubical pores), in particular the pore size, has a significant influence on the stimulation within scaffolds. Furthermore, we observed an amplified WSS within scaffolds under a combination of fluid perfusion and mechanical compression, which exceeded that caused by individual fluid perfusion or mechanical compression approximately threefold. By conducting this comprehensive parametric variation study, an expression was generated to allow the design and optimisation of 3D TE scaffolds and inform experimental loading regimes so that a desired level of mechanical stimulation, in terms of WSS is generated within the scaffold.
This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. Please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Lipowiecki, Marcin; Ryvolová, Markéta; Töttösi, Ákos; Kolmer, Niels; Naher, Sumsun; Brennan, Stephen A.; Vázquez, Mercedes; Brabazon, Dermot (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014-01-29)
Local and regional mechanical characterisation of a collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffold using high-resolution finite element analysis Stops, A.J.F.; Harrison, N.M.; Haugh, M.G.; O’Brien, F.J.; McHugh, P.E. (Elsevier BV, 2010-05-01)
A prediction of cell differentiation and proliferation within a collagen–glycosaminoglycan scaffold subjected to mechanical strain and perfusive fluid flow Stops, A.J.F.; Heraty, K.B.; Browne, M.; O'Brien, F.J.; McHugh, P.E. (Elsevier BV, 2010-03-01)