Ignition studies of n-heptane/iso-octane/toluene blends
Curran, Henry J.
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Javed, Tamour, Lee, Changyoul, AlAbbad, Mohammed, Djebbi, Khalil, Beshir, Mohamed, Badra, Jihad, Curran, Henry J., Farooq, Aamir. (2016). Ignition studies of n-heptane/iso-octane/toluene blends. Combustion and Flame, 171, 223-233. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2016.06.008
Ignition delay times of four ternary blends of n-heptane/iso-octane/toluene, referred to as Toluene Primary Reference Fuels (TPRFs), have been measured in a high-pressure shock tube and in a rapid compression machine. The TPRFs were formulated to match the research octane number (RON) and motor octane number (MON) of two high-octane gasolines and two prospective low-octane naphtha fuels. The experiments were carried out over a wide range of temperatures (650-1250 K), at pressures of 10, 20 and 40 bar, and at equivalence ratios of 0.5 and 1.0. It was observed that the ignition delay times of these TPRFs exhibit negligible octane dependence at high temperatures (T > 1000 K), weak octane dependence at low temperatures (T