From icosahedron to a plane flattening dodecaiodo-dodecaborate by successive stripping of iodine
Zeonjuk, Lei Liu
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Farràs, P., Vankova, N., Zeonjuk, L. L., Warneke, J., Dülcks, T., Heine, T., Viñas, C., Teixidor, F. and Gabel, D. (2012), From an Icosahedron to a Plane: Flattening Dodecaiodo-dodecaborate by Successive Stripping of Iodine. Chem. Eur. J., 18: 13208–13212. doi:10.1002/chem.201200828
It has been shown by electrospray ionization–ion-trap mass spectrometry that B12I122− converts to an intact B12 cluster as a result of successive stripping of single iodine radicals or ions. Herein, the structure and stability of all intermediate B12In− species (n=11 to 1) determined by means of first-principles calculations are reported. The initial predominant loss of an iodine radical occurs most probably via the triplet state of B12I122−, and the reaction path for loss of an iodide ion from the singlet state crosses that from the triplet state. Experimentally, the boron clusters resulting from B12I122− through loss of either iodide or iodine occur at the same excitation energy in the ion trap. It is shown that the icosahedral B12 unit commonly observed in dodecaborate compounds is destabilized while losing iodine. The boron framework opens to nonicosahedral structures with five to seven iodine atoms left. The temperature of the ions has a considerable influence on the relative stability near the opening of the clusters. The most stable structures with five to seven iodine atoms are neither planar nor icosahedral.