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dc.contributor.authorMcGreal, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorHyland, John
dc.contributor.authorO'Hora, Denis
dc.contributor.authorHogan, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-03T12:51:30Z
dc.date.issued2016-05-12
dc.identifier.citationMcGreal, Catherine, Hyland, John, O’ Hora, Denis, & Hogan, Michael. (2016). Mutual Entailment of Temporal Relations in Younger and Older Adults: Reversing Order Judgments. The Psychological Record, 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s40732-016-0182-3en_IE
dc.identifier.issn2163-3452
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/5854
dc.description.abstractFor temporal relations, mutually entailed relations are different to those directly trained; we learn that A occurred before B and derive that B occurred after A. Deriving such relations results in lower accuracy and slower response speeds compared to derived relations identical to those trained. The ability of an individual to derive relations different to those trained is a measure of relational flexibility and predicts performance on standard cognitive tests. In the current study, 23 younger (M = 19 years) and 23 older (M = 61 years) participants observed pairs of stimuli presented consecutively (A B) and then evaluated statements including the stimuli in the same (A BEFORE B) or reversed order (B AFTER A). Judgements on reversed ( after ) statements resulted in lower accuracy and slower response speeds than those presented in the same order ( before ) for both older and younger groups. Older adults exhibited deficits in relational flexibility compared to younger adults, such as slower progression through experimental phases, particularly in correctly responding to reversed statements. Older participants also demonstrated higher error rates on foil statements and responded more slowly than younger participants. The findings suggest that older adults may benefit from training strategies focused on relational flexibility.en_IE
dc.formatapplication/pdfen_IE
dc.language.isoenen_IE
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_IE
dc.relation.ispartofThe Psychological Recorden
dc.subjectStimulus relationsen_IE
dc.subjectAgeen_IE
dc.subjectRelational flexibilityen_IE
dc.subjectMutual entailmenten_IE
dc.subjectPsychologyen_IE
dc.titleMutual entailment of temporal relations in younger and older adults: reversing order judgmentsen_IE
dc.typeArticleen_IE
dc.date.updated2016-06-02T11:01:12Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s40732-016-0182-3
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40732-016-0182-3en_IE
dc.description.peer-reviewedpeer-reviewed
dc.contributor.funder|~|
dc.description.embargo2017-05-12
dc.internal.rssid11073720
dc.local.contactDenis O'Hora, School Of Psychology, Ambe - Room 1032, Arts Millennium Building Extension, Nui Galway. 5126 Email: denis.ohora@nuigalway.ie
dc.local.copyrightcheckedNo
dc.local.versionACCEPTED
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