Cross platform standardisation of an experimental pipeline for use in the identification of dysregulated human circulating MiRNAs
Dwyer, Róisín M.
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Helena Kelly, Tim Downing, Nina L Tuite, Terry J Smith, Michael J Kerin, Róisín M Dwyer, Eoin Clancy, Thomas Barry, Kate Reddington (2015) 'Cross Platform Standardisation of an Experimental Pipeline for Use in the Identification of Dysregulated Human Circulating MiRNAs'. Plos One, 10 (9).
Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly conserved small non-coding RNAs that play an important part in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. A substantial number of miRNAs have been proposed as biomarkers for diseases. While reverse transcriptase Real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) is considered the gold standard for the evaluation and validation of miRNA biomarkers, small RNA sequencing is now routinely being adopted for the identification of dysregulated miRNAs. However, in many cases where putative miRNA biomarkers are identified using small RNA sequencing, they are not substantiated when RT-qPCR is used for validation. To date, there is a lack of consensus regarding optimal methodologies for miRNA detection, quantification and standardisation when different platform technologies are used.