Chinese policy towards UN intervention and peacekeeping: a case study
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This research investigates the revision of China’s foreign policy in respect to the application of the principle of non-intervention when participating in UN interventions. It achieves this through a detailed examination of China’s publicly articulated position on UN peacekeeping operations. In addition, the research analyses challenges to enhance China’s participation in UN peacekeeping from both political and legal aspects and, therefore, makes recommendations to overcome these. In regards to peacekeeping, China has assumed the role of a guardian of both state sovereignty and the principle of non-intervention. However, after examining China’s voting behaviour in respect to Security Council resolutions invoking Chapter VII of the UN Charter, it is apparent that the understanding of what non-interference means to in China’s foreign policy community is not static but in a state of flux. In order to explain the Chinese view on the principle of non-intervention in international affairs, the research presented a detailed study on the direction of China’s policy in respect of UN peacekeeping operations from 1949 to 2015. The research therefore selected four case studies that examined China’s evolving approach to UN interventions. The policy change is based on its primary concerns in international relations, such as energy needs and enhancing national influence in the international community. The ultimate conclusion is reached that in order to pursue the image of a “responsible power” in the Xi administration, China should formulate an assertive foreign policy in relation to its engagement with the UN, including policy towards UN interventions. In this regard, China, as a positive contributor to peace operations, is consistent with its power-seeking behaviour.