L'e-learning nella glottodidattica: strumenti e proposte in una prospettiva connettivista
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E-learning can certainly be considered an aspect of education in its broad meaning, although it implies that the learner is situated at a physical distance from the instructor and therefore the use of a computer (or other mobile devices) is necessary to gain access to learning materials. In addition, it is a methodology based on constructivist theories where the interaction among participants predominates and where the learner takes on an active and responsible role. But can e-learning applied to language learning be considered as a valid alternative to more traditional methodologies? The objective of this thesis is to offer an overview of the distance learning and the cognitive theories usually associated with this new teaching mode, with a focus on Costructivism and Connectivism 'a new theory for a digital age' applied to e-learning and in particular to foreign language e-learning. The construction of the knowledge in the information age is mainly seen as 'social' factor and is achieved through: collaborative work by the learners and negotiations of ideas through web 2.0 tools such as forum, chat, VoIP, and IM as well as blog, wiki and podcast. In the language learning field these tools help learners also to achieve and/or enhance their communicative skills. In addition, this study proposes a practical application of how to build an online language learning course based on the theories and tools stated above; an investigation of the roles involved in such course with a focus on the e-tutor role and an analysis of the different attitudes learners adopt when dealing with the net, and finally an examination on the assessment methods connected with the didactic proposal, which cannot be the same as those employed in traditional face-to-face learning and teaching.
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