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dc.contributor.advisorO'Donoghue, Cathal
dc.contributor.authorOsunde, Omoruyi Omo
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-09T15:36:39Z
dc.date.issued2015-08-13
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/5204
dc.description.abstractThe primary aim of this thesis is to develop and uses demographic dynamic microsimulation model to examine the various forces that impact on the distribution of household income. The model is capable of examining a wide range of policy issues such as demographic change resulting from HIV/AIDS, the distribution of income associated with the labour market, the impact of tax policy change on household disposable income and the distributional impact of HIV/AIDS on income inequality and poverty.. when focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS mortality on household structure in Nigeria. it was observed that the impact of AIDS death on the population structure of Nigeria is considerable. it was estimated at approximately 2 percent reduction.en_US
dc.subjectIncome distribution microsimulationen_US
dc.subjectHIV/AIDSen_US
dc.subjectDemographyen_US
dc.subjectDepartment of Economicsen_US
dc.titlePoverty, demographic change and inequality in Nigeria: a microsimulation analysisen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.funderNoneen_US
dc.local.noteThe aim for this study is to examine the various forces that impact on the distribution of household income. In order to do this, I required a methodology that can incorporate, demographic change over time, market incomes and public policy. I therefore developed a demographic dynamic microsimulation model, which enable one to examine a wide range of policy issues such as 1. Demographic change resulting from HIV/AIDS. 2. The distribution of income associated with the labour market. 3. The impact of tax policy change on households disposable income. 4. The distributional impact of HIV/AIDS on income inequality and poverty. However issues on poverty and inequality are well researched but much is not known on the redistributional effect of cash transfer and tax and benefit system and the distributional impact of HIV/AIDS on inequality. Micro-based simulation methods were used to look at these issues and to answer the research questions and thereby filling the gap and contribute to the microsimulation and economic development literature. This methods can simulate how the income distribution can evolve over time: a) they must be micro-based i.e. reproduce the life cycle of heterogeneous individual in the population b) they must project the entire distribution of key demographic and economic variables c) they should handle interactions between micro, macro and policy variables since together they determine changes to incomes distribution. When focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS mortality on household structure in Nigeria. it was observed the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the structure of the population in Nigeria is considerable, with the average population growth for 2005-2015 reducing by about 2 percent taking into consideration not only the death of infected persons, but also the reduction in the birth rate. The composition of household reduces for both households withAIDS and withoutAIDS by approximately 2 percent The income of the richest households who suffered from AIDS death are more affected than the poorest households Overall, the distribution of income seems unaffected by AIDS, but remittances have an impact on households affected by the illness The actual death resulting from AIDS is slightly higher among females than malesen_US
dc.description.embargo2016-08-13
dc.local.finalYesen_US
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