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dc.contributor.advisorO'Conor, Kieran
dc.contributor.authorGleeson, Caitríona M.
dc.description.abstractThe Anglo-Norman occupation of Cork permanently altered the physical and societal landscape of the city, and its immediate surrounding area. Over the course of nearly a century and a half, a small but functioning harbour became the premier Anglo-Norman port on the south-west coast of Ireland, and the earlier settlement transitioned from a small Hiberno-Norse trading community and nearby monastic nucleus into a socially- and architecturally-diverse urban centre. This process of urbanisation was a deliberate action on the part of the Anglo-Normans to 'civilise' their new colony in the late 12th century, and by the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the thriving town of Cork was a testament to the successful realisation of this goal. There has been extensive archaeological investigation within the city, which has uncovered significant evidence of Cork's urban medieval development. To date, the results of these excavations have not been academically assessed as a compound entity. This study is the first attempt to establish a cohesive archaeological and historical understanding of the impact of Anglo-Norman occupation on the social morphology of Cork's earliest urban inhabitants. It is, effectively, the first integrated interpretation of all available archaeological data from the Anglo-Norman period in Cork. Using an approach which integrates historical and archaeological evidence to define exact temporal parameters, the present writer has interrogated all available excavation data as part of a high-resolution study of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork. This has resulted in a new understanding of some long-held perceptions of the period between c.1171 and c.1315 in the city. This research has challenged previous historical interpretations of the impact of the Anglo-Norman occupation on the existing Hiberno-Norse inhabitants, and re-defined their role as useful participants in the economy of the Anglo-Norman city. Evidence of at least four social strata within the town has been identified, and new information on the quality of life enjoyed by the lower-ranking craft-workers and artisans of the period is put forward. Phases of economic migration within the city have been recognised, as has physical evidence of the elite members of society at this time. Life-ways, both individual and familial, have been deciphered from the data in order to enrich, and personalise, this account of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.subjectCork- Anglo-Normanen_US
dc.subjectUrban archaeologyen_US
dc.subjectSocial archaeologyen_US
dc.subjectArchaeological excavationen_US
dc.subjectIntegrated studyen_US
dc.subjectHistorical dataen_US
dc.subjectSocial statusen_US
dc.subjectSocietal changeen_US
dc.subjectMorphological changeen_US
dc.subjectSocio-economic developmenten_US
dc.subjectMaterial cultureen_US
dc.subjectMedieval dieten_US
dc.subjectMedieval housingen_US
dc.subjectMedieval industryen_US
dc.subjectMedieval merchant-classen_US
dc.subjectArts, Social Sciences and Celtic Studiesen_US
dc.titleA social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Corken_US
dc.contributor.funderIrish Research Councilen_US
dc.local.noteThis thesis is a detailed study of all the available archaeological data from Anglo-Norman Cork. By integrating the archaeological and historical evidence, the analysis has identified key societal and morphological changes evident in the data from c.1171 and c.1315, resulting in a nuanced interpretation of the socio-economic development of the Anglo-Norman city.en_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
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