Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, Paul
dc.identifier.citationO'Connor, P., Hyde, D., & Clarke, J. (2009) 'Torso heating of divers in cold water'. Aviation, Space And Environmental Medicine, 80 :603-609.en_US
dc.description.abstractCold water immersion could compromise both the effectiveness and safety of a diver. This paper reports an evaluation of the utility of providing external heating to divers in cold water. Methods: Seven U.S. Navy divers wearing semidry suits were submerged in 7.2°C water for 2 h. In the heated condition, a total of 35 W was delivered to each of four heating pads (total area 2477 cm2) placed on the torso of the divers. In the unheated condition, the participants received no external heating. Results: The participants believed they were more comfortable in the heated, than the unheated condition. However, objective data did not support this perception. In fact, heating the torso had a significantly detrimental effect on the body's thermoregulatory ability, and lacked a positive effect on manual dexterity. Cognitive test performance was not affected by the exposure. Discussion: Heating the torso did not have a positive effect on diver performance. Moreover, heating the torso of a diver may actually increase susceptibility to hypothermia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofAviation, Space And Environmental Medicineen
dc.subjectCold water immersionen_US
dc.subjectExternal heatingen_US
dc.titleTorso heating of divers in cold water.en_US
dc.local.contactPaul O'Connor, Cisc, Nuig. Email:

Files in this item

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. Please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.

The following license files are associated with this item:


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record