Now showing items 1-20 of 1152

    • Human rights and smart economics: Mainstreaming gender in international trade policy 

      O'Rourke, Maeve (UCD Law Review, 2009)
      At the time, the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing was applauded as a massive turning point for the status of women's human rights worldwide. Gender mainstreaming, established in the Beijing Platform for ...
    • Cardamom: Comparative deep models for minority and historical languages 

      McCrae, John Philip; Fransen, Theodorus (Language Technologies for All (LT4All), 2019-12-05)
      This paper gives an overview of the Cardamom project, which aims to close the resource gap for minority and under-resourced languages by means of deep-learning-based natural language processing (NLP) and exploiting ...
    • Schistosoma mansoni immunomodulatory molecule Sm16/SPO-1/SmSLP is a member of the trematode-specific helminth defence molecules (HDMs) 

      Shiels, Jenna; Cwiklinski, Krystyna; Alvarado, Raquel; Thivierge, Karine; Cotton, Sophie; Gonzales Santana, Bibiana; To, Joyce; Donnelly, Sheila; Taggart, Clifford C.; Weldon, Sinead; Dalton, John P. (Public Library of Science, 2020-07-09)
      Sm16, also known as SPO-1 and SmSLP, is a low molecular weight protein (~16kDa) secreted by the digenean trematode parasite Schistosoma mansoni, one of the main causative agents of human schistosomiasis. The molecule is ...
    • A sentiment analysis dataset for code-mixed Malayalam-English 

      Chakravarthi, Bharathi Raja; Jose, Navya; Suryawanshi, Shardul; Sherly, Elizabeth; McCrae, John P. (European Language Resources Association (ELRA), 2020-05-11)
      There is an increasing demand for sentiment analysis of text from social media which are mostly code-mixed. Systems trained on monolingual data fail for code-mixed data due to the complexity of mixing at different levels ...
    • Corpus creation for sentiment analysis in code-mixed Tamil-English text 

      Chakravarthi, Bharathi Raja; Muralidaran, Vigneshwaran; Priyadharshini, Ruba; McCrae, John P. (European Language Resources Association (ELRA), 2020-05-11)
      Understanding the sentiment of a comment from a video or an image is an essential task in many applications. Sentiment analysis of a text can be useful for various decision-making processes. One such application is to ...
    • Is trust between AI institutions and the public “morally rotten?” 

      Gleifer, Vaz Alves; Dennis, Louise; Fisher, Michael; Behan, Anthony; Babushkina, Dina; Merdes, Christoph; Archer, Ken; Ní Fhaoláin, Labhaoise; Hines, Andrew; Michael, Loizos; Cardoso, C. Rafael; Ene, Daniel; Evans, Tom; Dennis, Louise; Kaur, Satwant; Carter, Sarah; Grancagnolo, Sergio; Greidinger, Steven (Machine Ethics Research Group, School of Computer Science, University College Dublin, 2020)
      Developing artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has become a business of power. AI innovation is increasingly centralized in a few large companies – mainly, Google, Facebook, and Apple.1 Specialized data scientists - ...
    • A survey of current datasets for code-switching research 

      Jose, Navya; Chakravarthi, Bharathi Raja; Suryawanshi, Shardul; Sherly, Elizabeth; McCrae, John P. (IEEE, 2020-03-06)
      Code switching is a prevalent phenomenon in the multilingual community and social media interaction. In the past ten years, we have witnessed an explosion of code switched data in the social media that brings together ...
    • A comparative study of different state-of-the-art hate speech detection methods in Hindi-English code-mixed data 

      Rani, Priya; Suryawanshi, Shardul; Goswami, Koustava; Chakravarthi, Bharathi Raja; Fransen, Theodorus; McCrae, John P. (European Language Resources Association (ELRA), 2020-05-11)
      Hate speech detection in social media communication has become one of the primary concerns to avoid conflicts and curb undesired activities. In an environment where multilingual speakers switch among multiple languages, ...
    • TGF-ß1-Licensed Murine MSCs show superior therapeutic efficacy in modulating corneal allograft immune rejection In Vivo 

      Lynch, Kevin; Treacy, Oliver; Chen, Xizhe; Murphy, Nick; Lohan, Paul; Islam, Md Nahidul; Donohoe, Ellen; Griffin, Matthew D.; Watson, Luke; McLoughlin, Steven; O'Malley, Grace; Ryan, Aideen E.; Ritter, Thomas (Elsevier, 2020-05-29)
      Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are a promising therapeutic option for multiple immune diseases/disorders; however, efficacy of MSC treatments can vary significantly. We present a novel licensing strategy to improve the ...
    • Help seeking and help providing in Ireland 

      Devaney, Carmel; Rodriguez, Leonor; Cassidy, Anne (Association of Children’s Welfare Agencies, 2019-12)
      Recent developments in the Irish child welfare system have involved a targeted move towards the provision of accessible help at a more timely point for children, young people and their families. It is widely accepted that ...
    • NUIG at TIAD: Combining unsupervised NLP and graph metrics for translation inference 

      McCrae, John P.; Arcan, Mihael (European Language Resources Association (ELRA), 2020-05-11)
      In this paper, we present the NUIG system at the TIAD shard task. This system includes graph-based metrics calculated using novel algorithms, with an unsupervised document embedding tool called ONETA and an unsupervised ...
    • A dataset for troll classification of Tamil memes 

      Chakravarthi, Bharathi Raja; Varma, Pranav; Arcan, Mihael; McCrae, John P.; Buitelaar, Paul; Shardul, Suryawanshi (European Language Resources Association (ELRA), 2020-05-11)
      Social media are interactive platforms that facilitate the creation or sharing of information, ideas or other forms of expression among people. This exchange is not free from offensive, trolling or malicious contents ...
    • Multimodal meme dataset (MultiOFF) for identifying offensive content in image and text 

      Suryawanshi, Shardul; Chakravarthi, Bharathi Raja; Arcan, Mihael; Buitelaar, Paul (European Language Resources Association (ELRA), 2020-05-11)
      A meme is a form of media that spreads an idea or emotion across the internet. As posting meme has become a new form of communication of the web, due to the multimodal nature of memes, postings of hateful memes or related ...
    • Suu Kyi has made herself the face of a murderous regime 

      Murphy, Ray (Business Post, 2019-12-15)
      The Gambia is bringing the case to the International Court of Justice to stop what it sees as genocide and to get a preliminary finding on the issue. The case is the first international attempt to make Myanmar accountable ...
    • Multi-frequency symmetry difference electrical impedance tomography with machine learning for human stroke diagnosis 

      McDermott, Barry James; Elahi, Adnan; Santorelli, Adam; O'Halloran, Martin; Avery James; Porter, Emily (IOP Publishing, 2020-06-18)
      Objective: Multi-Frequency Symmetry Difference Electrical Impedance Tomography (MFSD-EIT) can robustly detect and identify unilateral perturbations in symmetric scenes. Here, an investigation is performed to assess if the ...
    • Association of blood pressure lowering with incident dementia or cognitive impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis 

      Hughes, Diarmaid; Judge, Conor; Murphy, Robert; Loughlin, Elaine; Costello, Maria; Whiteley, William; Bosch, Jackie; O'Donnell, Martin J.; Canavan, Michelle (American Medical Association (AMA), 2020-05-19)
      The benefit of blood pressure lowering for the prevention of dementia or cognitive impairment is unclear. To determine the association of blood pressure lowering with dementia or cognitive impairment. Search of PubMed, ...
    • The effect of aligned electrospun fibers and macromolecular crowding in tenocyte culture 

      Tsiapalis, Dimitrios; Rana, Shubhasmin; Doulgkeroglo, Meletios; Kearns, Stephen; Kelly, Jack; Bayon, Yves; Zeugolis, Dimitrios I. (Elsevier Academic Press, 2019-11-30)
      Tendon injuries continuously rise, and regeneration is not only slow, but also limited due to the poor endogenous healing ability of the tendon tissue. Tissue grafts constitute the clinical gold standard treatment for ...
    • A novel high-throughput screening platform identifies itaconate derivatives from marine Penicillium antarcticum as inhibitors of mesenchymal stem cell differentiation 

      Marchese, Pietro; Mahajan, Nipun; O’Connell, Enda; Fearnhead, Howard; Tuohy, Maria; Krawczyk, Janusz; Thomas, Olivier P.; Barry, Frank; Murphy, Mary J. (MDPI, 2020-04-05)
      Worldwide diffused diseases such as osteoarthritis, atherosclerosis or chronic kidney disease are associated with a tissue calcification process which may involve unexpected local stem cell differentiation. Current ...
    • Diversity and bioactivity of fungi associated with the marine sea cucumber Holothuria poli: disclosing the strains potential for biomedical applications 

      Marchese, Pietro; Garzolib, Laura; Gnavib, Giorgio; O’Connell, Enda; Bouraouid, Abderrahman; Mehirie, Mohamed; Murphy, Mary; Varese, Giovanna Cristina (Society for Applied Microbiology (SfAM), 2020-04-10)
      Aims: Identification of the mycobiota associated to the marine echinoderm Holothuria poli and investigation of cytotoxic and pro-osteogenic potential of isolated strains. Methods and results: Fungal strains were isolated ...
    • A term extraction approach to survey analysis in health care 

      Robin, Cécile; Isazad Mashinchi, Mona; Ahmadi Zeleti, Fatemeh; Ojo, Adegboyega; Buitelaar, Paul (European Language Resources Association, 2020-05)
      The voice of the customer has for a long time been a key focus of businesses in all domains. It has received a lot of attention from the research community in Natural Language Processing (NLP) resulting in many approaches ...