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dc.contributor.authorKöltő, András
dc.contributor.authorCosma, Alina
dc.contributor.authorMoreau, Nathalie
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Honor
dc.contributor.authorThorsteinsson, Einar B.
dc.contributor.authorGobina, Inese
dc.contributor.authorGodeau, Emmanuelle
dc.contributor.authorSaewyc, Elizabeth M.
dc.contributor.authorNic Gabhainn, Saoirse
dc.identifier.citationKöltő, András, Cosma, Alina, Moreau, Nathalie, Young, Honor, Thorsteinsson, Einar B., Gobina, Inese, Godeau, Emmanuelle, Saewyc, Elizabeth M., Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse. (2020). Self-Reported Health and Patterns of Romantic Love in Adolescents from Eight European Countries and Regions. LGBT Health, 7(2), 90-100. doi:10.1089/lgbt.2019.0107en_IE
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Sexual minority youth (SMY) are at increased risk of poor health, but it remains unclear whether this phenomenon is universal. In this study, nationally representative samples of 15-year olds from eight European countries and regions were investigated to test if adolescents who have been in love with same- or both-gender partners report poorer health than those exclusively in love with opposite-gender partners or who have never been in love. Methods: A subsample of 13,674 adolescents participating in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study was used. We conducted binary logistic regression, adjusted for gender, region, and relative family affluence, to analyze associations between self-reported romantic love, multiple psychosomatic symptoms, and poor self-rated health. Results: Adolescents reporting same-gender love (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.50, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11–2.02) and both-gender love (aOR = 3.57, 95% CI: 2.65–4.83) had significantly higher odds for multiple psychosomatic symptoms than those who reported opposite-gender love. Similarly, both SMY groups had higher odds of poor self-rated health (aOR = 2.95, 95% CI: 1.64–5.31 and aOR = 3.08, 95% CI: 1.79–5.31, respectively). Those who reported that they have never been in love had significantly lower odds for multiple symptoms. Adjustment for sociodemographic variables and stratifying by gender did not substantially change the odds ratios. Conclusion: Adolescents in love with same- and both-gender partners reported poorer subjective health outcomes than those in love with opposite-gender partners or who reported never being in love, suggesting that SMY health inequalities are found across various European countries and regions.en_IE
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the following agencies and bodies: HBSC Belgium Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles is funded by the Wallonia-Brussels Federation (FWB), the Office of Birth and Childhood (ONE), the Walloon Region, and the Brussels-Capital Region. HBSC Bulgaria is funded by UNICEF-Bulgaria. HBSC England is funded by the Department of Health and Social Care. HBSC France is funded by Santé Publique France and French Monitoring Centre for Drug Use and Addiction (OFDT). HBSC Hungary is funded by ELTE Eötvös Loránd University. HBSC Iceland is funded by grants from the Icelandic Directorate of Health, Kaupfelag Eyfirdinga (KEA) and the University of Akureyri. North Macedonia is funded by the United Nations Population Fund/United Nations Development Programme. HBSC Switzerland is funded by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health and most of the Swiss cantons. The study was funded, in part, by grant number FDN 154335 from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (E.M.S., Principal Investigator).en_IE
dc.publisherMary Ann Lieberten_IE
dc.relation.ispartofLgbt Healthen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.subjecthealth disparitiesen_IE
dc.subjectinternational research (research outside the US)en_IE
dc.subjectminority stressen_IE
dc.titleSelf-reported health and patterns of romantic love in adolescents from eight European countries and regionsen_IE
dc.local.contactSaoirse Nic Gabhainn, Dept. Of Health Promotion, Aras Moyola, Nui Galway. 3093 Email:
dc.local.copyrightcheckedNote: published open access, publisher's pdf can be used (email from Költő, András 09/07/2020)

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