Fatty acid binding protein expression in clots retrieved by mechanical thrombectomy from patients with acute ischaemic stroke
Mereuta, Oana Madalina
Silva Santos, Andreia M.
Kallmes, David F.
Doyle, Karen M.
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Mereuta, OM; Fitzgerald, S; Douglas, A; Rossi, R; Silva Santos, AM; Pandit, A; Thornton, J; O'Hare, A; Power, S; Brennan, P; Rentzos, A; Tatlisumak, T; Gunnarsson, T; Davidson, M; Brederlau, A; Allardt, A; Brinjikji, W; Kallmes, DF; Doyle, KM (2019) Fatty acid binding protein expression in clots retrieved by mechanical thrombectomy from patients with acute ischaemic stroke . In: General Interest Sessions (5th European Stroke Organisation Conference), European Stroke Journal, 4(1_suppl), 3-95. doi: 10.1177/2396987319845560
Introduction: Lipid accumulation and inflammation are considered hallmarks of the unstable atherosclerotic plaque. In particular, adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (FABP4) expression within the plaque is associated with its progression and vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the histopathology of thrombi collected from acute ischaemic stroke patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy focusing on the presence of FABP4 and other atherosclerotic plaque components, including collagen and dystrophic calcification. Methods: 250 mechanically extracted thrombi were collected from three partner hospitals: Beaumont Hospital (Dublin, Ireland), Sahlgrenska University Hospital (Gothenburg, Sweden) and Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota, USA). Clots were immediately formalin-fixed and embedded in paraffin. 3-µm thickness serial sections were cut and stained with Martius Scarlett Blue to identify erythrocytes, fibrin, white blood cells and platelets/other. Masson s and von Kossa stains were performed to identify collagen and calcification, respectively. The expression of FABP4 was assessed by immunofluorescence. Results: FABP4 expression by adipocytes was confirmed in eight of 250 clots (3.2%). Adipocytes represented the main component in one white clot. Collagen was associated in two cases whereas von Kossa staining showed calcification in one case. Conclusions: The expression of potentially atherogenic components in these clots suggests that they may have originated from large vessel occlusions. Further studies are required to confirm the atherosclerotic aetiology. Our findings have implications for neurointervention and therapeutic strategies to reduce atherosclerotic plaque progression and stroke recurrence.