Rapid screening for specific glycosylation and pathogen interactions on a 78 species avian egg white glycoprotein microarray
Gerlach, Jared Q.
Lee, Yuan C.
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Utratna, Marta, Annuk, Heidi, Gerlach, Jared Q., Lee, Yuan C., Kane, Marian, Kilcoyne, Michelle, & Joshi, Lokesh. (2017). Rapid screening for specific glycosylation and pathogen interactions on a 78 species avian egg white glycoprotein microarray. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 6477. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-06797-6
There is an urgent need for discovery of novel antimicrobials and carbohydrate-based anti-adhesive strategies are desirable as they may not promote resistance. Discovery of novel anti-adhesive molecules from natural product libraries will require the use of a high throughput screening platform. Avian egg white (EW) provides nutrition for the embryo and protects against infection, with glycosylation responsible for binding certain pathogens. In this study, a microarray platform of 78 species of avian EWs was developed and profiled for glycosylation using a lectin panel with a wide range of carbohydrate specificities. The dominating linkages of sialic acid in EWs were determined for the first time using the lectins MAA and SNA-I. EW glycosylation similarity among the different orders of birds did not strictly depend on phylogenetic relationship. The interactions of five strains of bacterial pathogens, including Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio cholera, identified a number of EWs as potential anti-adhesives, with some as strain-or species-specific. Of the two bacterial toxins examined, shiga-like toxin 1 subunit B bound to ten EWs with similar glycosylation more intensely than pigeon EW. This study provides a unique platform for high throughput screening of natural products for specific glycosylation and pathogen interactions. This platform may provide a useful platform in the future for discovery of anti-adhesives targeted for strain and species specificity.
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