Impact of diabetes mellitus on bone health
Murray, Cliodhna E.
Coleman, Cynthia M.
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Murray, Cliodhna E., & Coleman, Cynthia M. (2019). Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Bone Health. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(19), 4873, DOI: 10.3390/ijms20194873
Long-term exposure to a diabetic environment leads to changes in bone metabolism and impaired bone micro-architecture through a variety of mechanisms on molecular and structural levels. These changes predispose the bone to an increased fracture risk and impaired osseus healing. In a clinical practice, adequate control of diabetes mellitus is essential for preventing detrimental effects on bone health. Alternative fracture risk assessment tools may be needed to accurately determine fracture risk in patients living with diabetes mellitus. Currently, there is no conclusive model explaining the mechanism of action of diabetes mellitus on bone health, particularly in view of progenitor cells. In this review, the best available literature on the impact of diabetes mellitus on bone health in vitro and in vivo is summarised with an emphasis on future translational research opportunities in this field.