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dc.contributor.authorGraf, Joachim
dc.contributor.authorSmolka, Robert
dc.contributor.authorSimoes, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorZipfel, Stephan
dc.contributor.authorJunne, Florian
dc.contributor.authorHolderried, Friederike
dc.contributor.authorWosnik, Annette
dc.contributor.authorDoherty, Anne M.
dc.contributor.authorMenzel, Karina
dc.contributor.authorHerrmann-Werner, Anne
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-09T13:23:52Z
dc.date.available2019-09-09T13:23:52Z
dc.date.issued2017-05-02
dc.identifier.citationGraf, Joachim; Smolka, Robert; Simoes, Elisabeth; Zipfel, Stephan; Junne, Florian; Holderried, Friederike; Wosnik, Annette; Doherty, Anne M. Menzel, Karina; Herrmann-Werner, Anne (2017). Communication skills of medical students during the osce: gender-specific differences in a longitudinal trend study. BMC Medical Education 17 (1), 75. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-0913-4en_IE
dc.identifier.issn1472-6920
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/15411
dc.description.abstractBackground: Communication skills are essential in a patient-centred health service and therefore in medical teaching. Although significant differences in communication behaviour of male and female students are known, gender differences in the performance of students are still under-reported. The aim of this study was to analyse gender differences in communication skills of medical students in the context of an OSCE exam (OSCE = Objective Structured Clinical Examination).Methods: In a longitudinal trend study based on seven semester-cohorts, it was analysed if there are gender differences in medical students' communication skills. The students (self-perception) and standardized patients (SP) (external perception) were asked to rate the communication skills using uniform questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed by using frequency analyses and t-tests in SPSS 21.Results: Across all ratings in the self-and the external perception, there was a significant gender difference in favour of female students performing better in the dimensions of empathy, structure, verbal expression and non-verbal expression. The results of male students deteriorated across all dimensions in the external perception between 2011 and 2014.Discussion & conclusion: It is important to consider if gender-specific teaching should be developed, considering the reported differences between female and male students.en_IE
dc.formatapplication/pdfen_IE
dc.language.isoenen_IE
dc.publisherBMCen_IE
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Medical Educationen
dc.subjectCommunications skillsen_IE
dc.subjectMedical studentsen_IE
dc.subjectSelf- and external perceptionen_IE
dc.subjectGender differencesen_IE
dc.subjectOsceen_IE
dc.subjectGender-specific teachingen_IE
dc.subjectCLINICAL EXAMINATIONSen_IE
dc.subjectSIMULATED PATIENTSen_IE
dc.subjectPATIENT SAFETYen_IE
dc.subjectEDUCATIONen_IE
dc.subjectPERFORMANCEen_IE
dc.subjectCOMPETENCEen_IE
dc.subjectPHYSICIANSen_IE
dc.subjectEMPATHYen_IE
dc.subjectCAREen_IE
dc.subjectARTen_IE
dc.titleCommunication skills of medical students during the OSCE: Gender-specific differences in a longitudinal trend studyen_IE
dc.typeArticleen_IE
dc.date.updated2019-08-26T13:01:13Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12909-017-0913-4
dc.local.publishedsourcehttps://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-017-0913-4en_IE
dc.description.peer-reviewedpeer-reviewed
dc.internal.rssid12654763
dc.local.contactAnne Doherty, School Of Medicine, Nui Galway. Email: anne.doherty@nuigalway.ie
dc.local.copyrightcheckedYES
dc.local.versionPUBLISHED
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