Multi-sector approximation method for arteries: the residual stresses of circumferential rings with non-trivial openings
Di Martino, Elena S.
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Sigaeva, Taisiya, Destrade, Michel, & Di Martino Elena, S. (2019). Multi-sector approximation method for arteries: the residual stresses of circumferential rings with non-trivial openings. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 16(156), 20190023. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2019.0023
The opening angle method is a popular choice in biomechanics to estimate residual stresses in arteries. Experimentally, it means that an artery is cut into rings; then the rings are cut axially or radially allowing them to open into sectors; finally, the corresponding opening angles are measured to give residual stress levels by solving an inverse problem. However, for many tissues, for example in pathological tissues, the ring does not open according to the theory into a neat single circular sector, but rather creates an asymmetric geometry, often with abruptly changing curvature(s). This phenomenon may be due to a number of reasons including variation in thickness, microstructure, mechanical properties, etc. As a result, these samples are often eliminated from studies relying on the opening angle method, which limits progress in understanding and evaluating residual stresses in real arteries. With this work, we propose an effective approach to deal with these non-trivial openings of rings. First, we digitize pictures of opened rings to split them into multiple, connected circular sectors. Then we measure the corresponding opening angles for each sub-sector. Subsequently, we can determine the residual stresses for individual sectors in a closed-ring configuration and, thus, approximate the circumferential residual bending effects.
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