Fine tuning the electro-mechanical response of dielectric elastomers
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Zurlo, Giuseppe, Destrade, Michel, & Lu, Tongqing. (2018). Fine tuning the electro-mechanical response of dielectric elastomers. Applied Physics Letters, 113(16), 162902. doi: 10.1063/1.5053643
We propose a protocol to model accurately the electromechanical behavior of dielectric elastomer membranes using experimental data of stress-stretch and voltage-stretch tests. We show how the relationship between electric displacement and the electric field can be established in a rational manner from these data. Our approach demonstrates that the ideal dielectric model, prescribing linearity in the purely electric constitutive equation, is quite accurate at low-to-moderate values of the electric field and that, in this range, the dielectric permittivity constant of the material can be deduced from stress-stretch and voltage-stretch data. Beyond the linearity range, more refined couplings are required, possibly including a non-additive decomposition of the electro-elastic energy. We also highlight that the presence of vertical asymptotes in voltage-stretch data, often observed in the experiments just prior to failure, should not be associated with strain stiffening effects but instead with the rapid development of electrical breakdown. Published by AIP Publishing.