Advanced Material Catheter (AMCath), a minimally invasive endocardial catheter for the delivery of fast-gelling covalently cross-linked hyaluronic acid hydrogels
Dolan, Eimear B.
Cooney, Gerard M .
Cavanagh, Brenton L.
Kelly, Helena M.
Kelly, Helena M.
Duffy, Garry P.
Murphy, Bruce P.
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Dolan, Eimear B, Kovarova, Lenka, O'Neill, Hugh, Pravda, Martin, Sulakova, Romana, Scigalkova, Ivana, Velebny, Vladimir, Daro, Dorothee, Braun, Nathalie, Cooney, Gerard M., Bellavia, Gabriella, Straino, Stefania, Cavanagh, Brenton L., Flanagan, Aiden, Kelly, Helena M., Duffy, Garry P., Murphy, Bruce P. (2018). Advanced Material Catheter (AMCath), a minimally invasive endocardial catheter for the delivery of fast-gelling covalently cross-linked hyaluronic acid hydrogels. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 33(5), 681-692. doi: 10.1177/0885328218805878
Injectable hydrogels that aim to mechanically stabilise the weakened left ventricle wall to restore cardiac function or to deliver stem cells in cardiac regenerative therapy have shown promising data. However, the clinical translation of hydrogel-based therapies has been limited due to difficulties injecting them through catheters. We have engineered a novel catheter, Advanced Materials Catheter (AMCath), that overcomes translational hurdles associated with delivering fast-gelling covalently cross-linked hyaluronic acid hydrogels to the myocardium. We developed an experimental technique to measure the force required to inject such hydrogels and determined the mechanical/viscoelastic properties of the resulting hydrogels. The preliminary in vivo feasibility of delivering fast-gelling hydrogels through AMCath was demonstrated by accessing the porcine left ventricle and showing that the hydrogel was retained in the myocardium post-injection (three 200 μL injections delivered, 192, 204 and 183 μL measured). However, the mechanical properties of the hydrogels were reduced by passage through AMCath (≤20.62% reduction). We have also shown AMCath can be used to deliver cardiopoietic adipose-derived stem cell-loaded hydrogels without compromising the viability (80% viability) of the cells in vitro. Therefore, we show that hydrogel/catheter compatibility issues can be overcome as we have demonstrated the minimally invasive delivery of a fast-gelling covalently cross-linked hydrogel to the beating myocardium.