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dc.contributor.authorO'Connell, Michael
dc.contributor.authorMolloy, Karen
dc.identifier.citationO’Connell, M. and Molloy, K. 2019. Aran Islands, western Ireland: farming history and environmental change reconstructed from field surveys, historical sources, and pollen analyses. Journal of the North Atlantic 38: 1–27.en_IE
dc.description.abstractThe Aran Islands are exceptional cultural landscapes at the Atlantic fringe of Europe. They are strongly influenced by human settlement and small-scale farming that is still pursued according to traditional practices. Reconstruction of changes in farming from the beginning of the early 20th century onwards, and demographic changes beginning in the early 19th century, are discussed in the light of official statistics. Field surveys, aimed mainly at documenting the extent of Secale cereale (rye) cultivation, provide more precise information on the extent of rye cultivation in recent decades and give fresh insights into present-day flora, vegetation, and plant biodiversity. Results from a previously published, lake sediment-based Holocene pollen profile from Inis Oírr are re-assessed in the light of modern-day pollen deposition studies that we carried out. We discuss the implications of long-distance pollen transport for the interpretation of Holocene pollen diagrams in relation to the history of trees, including Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine), in Ireland, and we emphasize the importance of supporting traditional farming practices, particularly as regards cereal growing, on the Aran Islands.en_IE
dc.publisherEagle Hill Instituteen_IE
dc.relation.ispartofJournal Of The North Atlanticen
dc.subjectIsland biogeographyen_IE
dc.subjectArable farmingen_IE
dc.subjectRye cultivationen_IE
dc.subjectPollen analysisen_IE
dc.subjectFarming historyen_IE
dc.subjectAran Islandsen_IE
dc.titleAran Islands, western Ireland: farming history and environmental change reconstructed from field surveys, historical sources, and pollen analysesen_IE
dc.local.contactMichael O'Connell, Palaeoenvironmental Research Unit, School Of Geography And Archaeology , Https://Nuigalway.Academia.Edu/Michaeloconnell. 0035391492338 Email:
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