An audit of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in children
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Clinton F, Dowling M, Capra M (2012) 'An audit of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in children’. Nursing Children and Young People, 24, 7, 18-23. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.24.7.18.s22
Frieda Clinton and colleagues present a study at one children’s cancer centre into the use and effectiveness of anti-emetics for patients receiving chemotherapy An audit was conducted of the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in children and young people in the national Irish paediatric cancer unit. Over three months, the anti-emetic medication and the incidence of nausea and vomiting in 50 consecutive patient episodes were recorded among 25 children receiving chemotherapy for diverse malignancies. Anti-emetic prescription was found to be unrelated to the emetogenic potential of the chemotherapy received, so that effectiveness varied. Dexamethasone was used in only one case. Twenty children did not take any anti-emetics following discharge, although 11 experienced delayed vomiting. evidence-based guidelines were established and now include anti-emetic prescription that is proportional to the emetogenic potential of the chemotherapeutic regimen. It is also recommended that staff, patients, families and carers should receive education about the need for prescription and use of anti-emetics after discharge.